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Stock Exchanges and Issuers: A Changing Relationship

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  • Felix Treptow
  • Stefan Wagner

Abstract

The nature of the relation between stock exchanges and firms seeking a listing has changed considerably over the past decades. In this paper, we argue that the relationship has lost most of its historic complexity and has almost been reduced to a standardized contract in the sense that there are few contractual properties distinguishing listing on different exchanges apart from granting access to a specific liquidity pool. Analyzing the actual specifications of listing agreements at five major stock exchanges, we demonstrate that the contractual features are converging towards a standardized agreement. Furthermore, we show that some of the functions formerly fulfilled by exchanges are now performed by other institutions. We analyze whether these changes are reflected by policy makers in their efforts to create integrated European capital markets. Die Beziehung zwischen Börsen und Eigenkapitalemittenten hat sich in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten fundamental verändert. In diesem Beitrag argumentieren wir, dass diese Beziehung einer standardisierten Vertragsbeziehung gleicht, die ihre historische Komplexität weitgehend verloren hat. Während Börsen in der Vergangenheit unterschiedlich gestaltete Listinganforderungen an Unternehmen gestellt und durchgesetzt haben, ist heute ihr wesentliches Differenzierungsmerkmal die Liquidität der gehandelten Aktien. Eine Untersuchung der Listinganforderungen von fünf bedeutenden Börsen zeigt, dass die wichtigsten Vertragsbestandteile des Abkommens zwischen Emmittent und Börse weitgehend vereinheitlicht sind. Wir zeigen weiterhin, dass neue Institutionen wie etwa nationale Börsenaufsichtsbehörden einige der früher von Börsen wahrgenommenen Aufgaben übernommen haben. Abschließend untersuchen wir, ob und in welchem Maße diese Veränderungen in den gegenwärtigen Bemühungen zur Schaffung integrierter europäischer Kapitalmärkte berücksichtigt werden.

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File URL: http://ejournals.duncker-humblot.de/doi/pdf/10.3790/vjh.74.4.125
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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research in its journal Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung.

Volume (Year): 74 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 125-139

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Handle: RePEc:diw:diwvjh:74-4-9

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  1. Christie William G. & Huang Roger D., 1994. "Market Structures and Liquidity: A Transactions Data Study of Exchange Listings," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 3(3), pages 300-326, June.
  2. Thierry Foucault & Christine A. Parlour, 2004. "Competition for Listings," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 35(2), pages 329-355, Summer.
  3. Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1996. "A Survey of Corporate Governance," NBER Working Papers 5554, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Rafael LaPorta & Florencio Lopez de-Silanes & Andrei Shleifer & Robert W. Vishny, 1997. "Legal Determinants of External Finance," Harvard Institute of Economic Research Working Papers 1788, Harvard - Institute of Economic Research.
  5. Davis, Lance & Neal, Larry & White, Eugene N., 2003. "How it all began: the rise of listing requirements on the London, Berlin, Paris, and New York stock exchanges," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 117-143.
  6. Womack, Kent L, 1996. " Do Brokerage Analysts' Recommendations Have Investment Value?," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 51(1), pages 137-67, March.
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  8. Bessembinder, Hendrik, 1999. "Trade Execution Costs on NASDAQ and the NYSE: A Post-Reform Comparison," Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis, Cambridge University Press, vol. 34(03), pages 387-407, September.
  9. Schmiedel, Heiko & Malkamäki, Markku & Tarkka , Juha, 2002. "Economies of scale and technological development in securities depository and settlement systems," Research Discussion Papers 26/2002, Bank of Finland.
  10. Hans Degryse & Mark Van Achter, 2001. "Alternative Trading Systems and Liquidity," Center for Economic Studies - Discussion papers ces0122, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Centrum voor Economische Studiën.
  11. Bessembinder, Hendrik & Kaufman, Herbert M., 1997. "A cross-exchange comparison of execution costs and information flow for NYSE-listed stocks," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 293-319, December.
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  13. Cruickshank, Don, 2001. "Clearing and Settlement--The Barrier to a Pan-European Capital Market," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(2), pages 321-33, Summer.
  14. Heiko Schmiedel & Andreas Schönenberger, 2005. "Integration of securities market infrastructures in the euro area," Occasional Paper Series 33, European Central Bank.
  15. Ronald J. Gilson, 1993. "Regulating The Equity Component Of Capital Structure: The Sec'S Response To The One-Share, One-Vote Controversy," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 5(4), pages 37-43.
  16. Jun Muranaga & Tokiko Shimizu, 1999. "Market Microstructure and Market Liquidity," CGFS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Market Liquidity: Research Findings and Selected Policy Implications, volume 11, pages 1-28 Bank for International Settlements.
  17. Chemmanur, Thomas J. & Fulghieri, Paolo, 2006. "Competition and cooperation among exchanges: A theory of cross-listing and endogenous listing standards," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 455-489, November.
  18. Irvine, Paul J., 2003. "The incremental impact of analyst initiation of coverage," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 431-451, September.
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  20. Schwarcz, Steven L., 2002. "Private Ordering of Public Markets: The Rating Agency Paradox," Working paper 345, Regulation2point0.
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