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Asimilación laboral de los inmigrantes colombianos en Estados Unidos

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  • Edgard Polanco

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    Abstract

    La migración internacional de colombianos es un tema de interés debido la gran cantidad de colombianos en el exterior. Para el año 2005 había aproximadamente 5 millones de colombianos fuera del país. Comparados con la población total de Colombia los nacidos en Colombia que viven en el exterior son el 11% de la población. Este estudio detalla la asimilación de colombianos empleando datos del censo de los Estados Unidos del año 2000. Los resultados indican que los inmigrantes colombianos demoran entre 20 y 30 años en cerrar la brecha salarial y que se asimilan más rápido que los demas inmigrantes. ** International emigration of Colombians has become an interesting research subject given its increasing numbers. By 2005 there were approximately 5 millions of Colombians living abroad. They represent 11% of the total Colombian population. On this study we analyze the labor inception of Colombian migrants in the USA labor market by using data from the USA 2000 Population Census. The results point out that for Colombian migrants it takes between 20 and 30 years for them to close the wage gap with their American counterparts and that they actually get assimilated faster than migrants from other Latin American countries.

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    File URL: http://www.urosario.edu.co/economia/documentos/vol12n1_Polanco.pdf
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by UNIVERSIDAD DEL ROSARIO in its journal REVISTA DE ECONOMÍA DEL ROSARIO.

    Volume (Year): (2009)
    Issue (Month): ()
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:col:000151:006225

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    1. Slobodan Djajić, 2003. "Assimilation of immigrants: Implications for human capital accumulation of the second generation," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 16(4), pages 831-845, November.
    2. Amuedo Dorantes, Catalina & De la Rica Goiricelaya, Sara, 2006. "Labor Market Assimilation of Recent Immigrants in Spain," DFAEII Working Papers 2006-01, University of the Basque Country - Department of Foundations of Economic Analysis II.
    3. Chiswick, Barry R, 1980. "The Earnings of White and Coloured Male Immigrants in Britain," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 47(185), pages 81-87, February.
    4. Timothy Hatton & Andrew Leigh, 2011. "Immigrants assimilate as communities, not just as individuals," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, vol. 24(2), pages 389-419, April.
    5. Frank Bean & B. Lowell & Lowell Taylor, 1988. "Undocumented Mexican immigrants and the earnings of other workers in the United States," Demography, Springer, vol. 25(1), pages 35-52, February.
    6. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    7. Sanromá, Esteban & Ramos, Raul & Simón, Hipólito, 2008. "The Portability of Human Capital and Immigrant Assimilation: Evidence for Spain," IZA Discussion Papers 3649, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Alejandro Gaviria & Carolina Mejía, 2005. "Las varias caras de la diáspora: los nexos de los migrantes colombianos con su país de origen," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 006882, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    9. Alejandro Gaviria, 2004. "Visa Usa: Fortunas Y Extravíos De Los Emigrantes Colombianos En Los Estados Unidos," DOCUMENTOS CEDE 003766, UNIVERSIDAD DE LOS ANDES-CEDE.
    10. Mónica María Sinisterra Rodríguez, 2005. "Migración laboral internacional, remesas y crecimiento económico," ESTUDIOS GERENCIALES, UNIVERSIDAD ICESI.
    11. George J. Borjas, 1995. "The Economic Benefits from Immigration," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(2), pages 3-22, Spring.
    12. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 9.
    13. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Kusum Mundra, 2007. "Social networks and their impact on the earnings of Mexican Migrants," Demography, Springer, vol. 44(4), pages 849-863, November.
    14. Helena Skyt Nielsen & Michael Rosholm & Nina Smith & Leif Husted, 2004. "Qualifications, discrimination, or assimilation? An extended framework for analysing immigrant wage gaps," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 29(4), pages 855-883, December.
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