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Zur Effizienz von Hochschulen : erste Ergebnisse für Deutschland

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  • Gerhard Kempkes
  • Carsten Pohl
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    Abstract

    Das Humankapital einer Volkswirtschaft ist einer der zentralen Faktoren für das Wirtschaftswachstum. Daher finden nationale Bildungssysteme und die Hochschullandschaft als ein wesentlicher Bestandteil zunehmend Beachtung in der politischen und wissenschaftlichen Debatte. In Zeiten knapper öffentlicher Kassen wird zunehmend die Frage nach einer effizienten Verwendung der Steuermittel gestellt. Vor diesem Hintergrund wird im vorliegenden Beitrag die Effizienz von 72 öffentlich finanzierten Universitäten untersucht. Die empirischen Befunde zeigen, dass die ostdeutschen Hochschulen im Vergleich zu den westdeutschen Universitäten in den Jahren 1998-2003 ihre Effizienz steigern konnten. Allerdings liegen sie (noch) hinter den westdeutschen Hochschulen zurück, wenn die durchschnittlichen Effizienzwerte betrachtet werden.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich in its journal ifo Dresden berichtet.

    Volume (Year): 13 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 06 (December)
    Pages: 03-13

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    Handle: RePEc:ces:ifodre:v:13:y:2006:i:06:p:03-13

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    Keywords: Hochschule; X-Effizienz; Vergleich; Deutschland;

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    References

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    Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
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    1. Susanne Warning, 2004. "Performance Differences in German Higher Education: Empirical Analysis of Strategic Groups," Working Papers of the Research Group Heterogenous Labor 04-09, Research Group Heterogeneous Labor, University of Konstanz/ZEW Mannheim.
    2. Susanne Warning, 2004. "Performance Differences in German Higher Education: Empirical Analysis of Strategic Groups," Review of Industrial Organization, Springer, Springer, vol. 24(4), pages 393-408, 06.
    3. Abbott, M. & Doucouliagos, C., 2003. "The efficiency of Australian universities: a data envelopment analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 89-97, February.
    4. Battese, G E & Coelli, T J, 1995. "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 325-32.
    5. Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2006. "The Efficiency of German Universities – Some Evidence from Non-Parametric and Parametric Methods," Ifo Working Paper Series Ifo Working Papers No. 36, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    6. Kraus, Margit, 2004. "Schätzung von Kostenfunktionen für die bundesdeutsche Hochschulausbildung: Ein konzeptioneller Ansatz im empirischen Test," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-36, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Johnes, Jill & Johnes, Geraint, 1995. "Research funding and performance in U.K. University Departments of Economics: A frontier analysis," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 301-314, September.
    8. Philip Andrew Stevens, 2005. "A Stochastic Frontier Analysis of English and Welsh Universities," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(4), pages 355-374.
    9. A. T. Flegg & D. O. Allen & K. Field & T. W. Thurlow, 2004. "Measuring the efficiency of British universities: a multi-period data envelopment analysis," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 231-249.
    10. Izadi, Hooshang & Johnes, Geraint & Oskrochi, Reza & Crouchley, Robert, 2002. "Stochastic frontier estimation of a CES cost function: the case of higher education in Britain," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 63-71, February.
    11. Andrew Worthington, 2001. "An Empirical Survey of Frontier Efficiency Measurement Techniques in Education," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 9(3), pages 245-268.
    12. Kempkes, Gerhard & Pohl, Carsten, 2006. "The Efficiency of German Universities Some Evidence from Non-Parametric and Parametric Methods," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 08/06, Dresden University of Technology, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
    13. Antreas Athanassopoulos & Estelle Shale, 1997. "Assessing the Comparative Efficiency of Higher Education Institutions in the UK by the Means of Data Envelopment Analysis," Education Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(2), pages 117-134.
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