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Localisation industrielle et spécialisation. Les rôles des infrastructures, des coûts de production et de la taille de marché dans un cadre Nord Sud

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  • Corinne Bagoulla
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    Abstract

    This paper aims to analyse the industrial location and the countries? specialization in a North/South model. The model is an extension of Ricci?s [1999] and Martin and Rogers? [1995] models. It introduces two countries (North and South), two production factors (capital and labour) and three sectors (two industrial sectors and an agricultural sector). The comparatives advantages are introduced between two industrial sectors and not between the agricultural sector and the indutry. These comparatives advantages encompass a difference in productivity per sector/country and a difference in wages per country. This hypothesis introduce a ?market size effect? and underline the necessity of considering these two variables separately. Moreover, the quality of the countries? infrastructures influence firmes? location. To avoid a desindustrialization or a specialization in a not very technological sector, the south has to increase its market size and to improve its industrial productivity. Classification JEL : F12, F15, R12.

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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

    Volume (Year): 57 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 4 ()
    Pages: 705-726

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    Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_574_0705

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    1. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    2. Forslid, Rikard & Wooton, Ian, 1999. "Comparative Advantage and the Location of Production," CEPR Discussion Papers 2118, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    3. Amiti, Mary, 2005. "Location of vertically linked industries: agglomeration versus comparative advantage," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(4), pages 809-832, May.
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    6. repec:fth:iniesr:430 is not listed on IDEAS
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    8. Puga, Diego & Venables, Anthony J., 1996. "The Spread of Industry: Spatial Agglomeration in Economic Development," CEPR Discussion Papers 1354, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    14. Amiti, Mary, 1998. "Inter-industry trade in manufactures: Does country size matter?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 231-255, April.
    15. Baldwin, Richard E & Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco I P, 2001. " Global Income Divergence, Trade, and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs," Journal of Economic Growth, Springer, vol. 6(1), pages 5-37, March.
    16. Limão, Nuno & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Geographical Disadvantage: A Heckscher-Ohlin-Von Thunen model of International Specialization," CEPR Discussion Papers 2305, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    17. Antonio Ricci, Luca, 1999. "Economic geography and comparative advantage:: Agglomeration versus specialization," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(2), pages 357-377, February.
    18. Isabelle Bensidoun & Guillaume Gaulier & Deniz Ünal-Kesenci, 2001. "The Nature of Specialization Matters for Growth: an Empirical Investigation," Working Papers 2001-13, CEPII research center.
    19. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
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