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Les externalités sociales permettent-elles de résoudre la controverse théorique des « petites coalitions stables » dans les accords environnementaux ?

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  • Marie-Laure Cabon-Dhersin
  • Shyama Ramani

Abstract

A puzzle in the literature on the formation of coalitions supporting International Environmental Agreements (iea) is that if an iea leads to substantial gains, then it will not be supported by many countries. The non-cooperative game theoretic literature highlights the « small coalitions » puzzle by which only a small number of countries are willing to sign an environmental convention. In these models, a global coalition comprising all countries or most of the countries and generating significant global benefits is not sustainable. In effect, greater the number of countries in the coalition, higher the incentive of signatories to not respect their engagements. Introducing social externalities, we explain why in reality, some treaties can be sustained by nearly all the countries in the world, and others can be sustained by a handful of countries. Classification JEL : C72, H41, D74, Q00.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Presses de Sciences-Po in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 57 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 431-438

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Handle: RePEc:cai:recosp:reco_573_0431

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  1. Parkash Chander & Henry Tulkens, 1995. "A core-theoretic solution for the design of cooperative agreements on transfrontier pollution," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer, vol. 2(2), pages 279-293, August.
  2. Michael Hoel & Kerstin Schneider, 1997. "Incentives to participate in an international environmental agreement," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 9(2), pages 153-170, March.
  3. d'ASPREMONT, Claude & JACQUEMIN, Alexis & GABSZEWICZ, Jean J. & WEYMARK, John A., . "On the stability of collusive price leadership," CORE Discussion Papers RP -522, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  4. Jean-Christophe Pereau & Tarik Tazdait, 2001. "Co-operation and Unilateral Commitment inthe Presence of Global EnvironmentalProblems," Post-Print halshs-00009889, HAL.
  5. Carraro, Carlo & Siniscalco, Domenico, 1991. "Strategies for the International Protection of the Environment," CEPR Discussion Papers 568, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  6. Heal, Geoffrey, 1992. "International negotiations on emission control," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 3(2), pages 223-240, December.
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