Family and Community Influences on Health and Socioeconomic Status: Sibling Correlations Over the Life Course
AbstractThis paper presents new estimates of sibling correlations in health and socioeconomic outcomes over the life course in the U.S. Sibling correlations provide an omnibus measure of the importance of all family and community influences. I find that sibling correlations in a range of health and socioeconomic outcomes start quite high at birth and remain high over the life course. The sibling correlation in birth weight is estimated to be 0.5. Sibling correlations in test scores during childhood are as high as 0.6. Sibling correlations in adult men’s wages are also around 0.5. Decompositions provide suggestive evidence on which pathways may account for the gradients in health and SES by family background. For example, sibling correlations in cognitive skills and non-cognitive skills during childhood are lower controlling for family income. Similarly, parent education levels can account for a sizable portion of the correlation in adult health status among brothers.
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Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by De Gruyter in its journal The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy.
Volume (Year): 11 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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Web page: http://www.degruyter.com
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- Schnitzlein, Daniel D., 2011.
"How important is the family? Evidence from sibling correlations in permanent earnings in the US, Germany and Denmark,"
IWQW Discussion Paper Series
05/2011, Friedrich-Alexander-UniversitÃ¤t Erlangen-NÃ¼rnberg, Institut fÃ¼r Wirtschaftspolitik und Quantitative Wirtschaftsforschung (IWQW).
- Daniel Schnitzlein, 2014. "How important is the family? Evidence from sibling correlations in permanent earnings in the USA, Germany, and Denmark," Journal of Population Economics, Springer, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 69-89, January.
- Daniel D. Schnitzlein, 2011. "How Important Is the Family?: Evidence from Sibling Correlations in Permanent Earnings in the US, Germany and Denmark," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 365, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
- BjÃ¶rklund, Anders & JÃ¤ntti, Markus, 2012. "How important is family background for labor-economic outcomes?," Labour Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 465-474.
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