Compositional Standards, Import Permits and Market Structure: The Case of Canadian Cheese Imports
AbstractThe imposition of new cheese compositional standards by the Canadian authorities has created divisions within the Canadian dairy industry and has motivated criticisms from several of Canadaâs trade partners. The standards impose minimum limits on the percentage of casein coming from fluid milk which vary across cheese types. We develop a theoretical model to investigate the implications of Canadaâs compositional cheese standards while accounting for Canadaâs tariff rate quota specificities. The âuse it or lose itâ clause on import permits makes it possible for cheeses not directly constrained by the standards to be strongly impacted. We also show that the regulations on cheese composition may or may not increase the domestic demand for milk. Without information on technical coefficients in the cheese industry, we were unable to resolve through empirical simulations the ambiguities arising from our theoretical results. Our empirical investigation focused instead on the pricing and composition of cheese imports. We identified structural breaks in the processes determining import unit values shortly before or shortly after the beginning of the implementation of the standards. We found differences in break dates across cheese types and also across countries supplying the same type of cheese. Thus, the standards had some impact on the market shares of our trade partners as well as inflationary effects on cheese prices.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.
Bibliographic InfoArticle provided by Wiley Blackwell in its journal The World Economy.
Volume (Year): 35 (2012)
Issue (Month): 8 (08)
Contact details of provider:
Web page: http://www.blackwellpublishing.com/journal.asp?ref=0378-5920
Other versions of this item:
- Felt, Marie-Helene & Larue, Bruno & Gervais, Jean-Philippe, 2012. "Compositional Standards, Import Permits and Market Structure: The Case of Canadian Cheese Imports," Working Papers 126948, Structure and Performance of Agriculture and Agri-products Industry (SPAA).
- F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
- Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Sébastien Pouliot & Bruno Larue, 2012.
"Import sensitive products and perverse tariff-rate quota liberalization,"
Canadian Journal of Economics,
Canadian Economics Association, vol. 45(3), pages 903-924, August.
- Pouliot, Sebastien & Larue, Bruno, 2012. "Import Sensitive Products and Perverse Tariff-Rate Quota Liberalization," Staff General Research Papers 34570, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Richard Harris, 1984.
"Why Voluntary Export Restraints are 'Voluntary',"
559, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
- Falvey, Rodney E, 1979. "The Composition of Trade within Import-restricted Product Categories," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 1105-14, October.
- Lambert, Remy, 2012. "A Primer on the Economics of Supply Management and Food Supply Chains," Working Papers 125246, Structure and Performance of Agriculture and Agri-products Industry (SPAA).
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Wiley-Blackwell Digital Licensing) or (Christopher F. Baum).
If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.
If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.
If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.
Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.