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Evaluation of Crop Insurance Yield Guarantees and Producer Welfare with Upward-Trending Yields

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  • Adhikari, Shyam
  • Knight, Thomas O.
  • Belasco, Eric J.
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    Abstract

    Actual Production History (APH) yields play a critical role in determining the coverage offered to producers by the Risk Management Agency’s yield-based crop insurance products. Using both county and individual insured unit data, we examine the impact of APH yield trends for Texas cotton and Illinois corn. Our findings indicate that biases due to using simple average APH yields when yields are trending upward reduce the expected indemnity and actuarially fair premium rate. The estimated welfare effect also varies significantly with different commonly used detrending approaches. This study demonstrates that producer welfare can be enhanced through proper treatment of yield trends in crop insurance programs.

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    File URL: http://purl.umn.edu/141669
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    Bibliographic Info

    Article provided by Northeastern Agricultural and Resource Economics Association in its journal Agricultural and Resource Economics Review.

    Volume (Year): 41 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 (December)
    Pages:

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    Handle: RePEc:ags:arerjl:141669

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    Web page: http://www.narea.org/
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    Related research

    Keywords: actual production history; crop insurance; yield trend; yield guarantee; Production Economics; Risk and Uncertainty;

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    1. Joseph W. Glauber, 2004. "Crop Insurance Reconsidered," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1179-1195.
    2. Carriquiry, Miguel A. & Babcock, Bruce A. & Hart, Chad E., 2008. "Using a Farmer's Beta for Improved Estimation of Expected Yields," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 33(01), April.
    3. Barry K. Goodwin & Alan P. Ker, 1998. "Nonparametric Estimation of Crop Yield Distributions: Implications for Rating Group-Risk Crop Insurance Contracts," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 80(1), pages 139-153.
    4. Tian Yu & Bruce A. Babcock, 2010. "Are U.S. Corn and Soybeans Becoming More Drought Tolerant?," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(5), pages 1310-1323.
    5. Goodwin, Barry K. & Mahul, Olivier, 2004. "Risk modeling concepts relating to the design and rating of agricultural insurance contracts," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3392, The World Bank.
    6. Alan P. Ker & Barry K. Goodwin, 2000. "Nonparametric Estimation of Crop Insurance Rates Revisited," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 82(2), pages 463-478.
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    Cited by:
    1. Adhikari, Shyam & Knight, Thomas O. & Belasco, Eric J., 2013. "Yield Guarantees and the Producer Welfare Benefits of Crop Insurance," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 38(1), April.

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