IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/top/top.ecm.html
 

Top 10% Institutions and Economists in the Field of Econometrics, as of September 2021

What this page is about

This page is part of a larger set of rankings for research items, serials, authors and institutions made available on this site. A FAQ is available.

  • Only authors registered with the RePEc Author Service are considered.
  • Only works listed on RePEc and claimed as theirs by registered authors are counted.
  • A series of rankings by different criteria are aggregated. The average rank score is determined by taking a harmonic mean of the ranks in each criterion. For a list of criteria, see the general ranking page.
  • Authors with multiple affiliations are attributed to each institution according to the weights they have set to each in their profile, or by default according to a formula described here.
  • Authors affiliated with subentities of institutions listed in EDIRC are also counted in the latter.
  • Only institutions listed in EDIRC are counted.
  • Subentities of ranked institutions do not increment the rank count and have their rank listed in parentheses.
  • The scores of institutions in each field are determined by a weighted sum of all scores of authors affiliated with the respective institutions, where the authors have provided weights if they have multiple affiliations. The weights are determined, for each author, by the proportion of all working papers announced in NEP that have also been announced in this NEP report.
  • To be classified, an author needs to have five or more working papers announced in the NEP report for this field. For authors whose first paper is less that 10 years old, having 25% of the papers in the NEP report is sufficient.
  • There are no such restrictions for institutions, it is thus possible that more institutions than authors are classified.
  • Please note that rankings can depend on the number of registered authors in the respective institutions. Register at the RePEc Author Service to be counted.
  • There are 8434 institutions with 63005 registered authors evaluated for all the rankings.

Similar rankings

EntityFull rankingLast 10 years10 best authorsLast 10 years, 10 best authorsTop 5% authorsMore
AuthorsShort Details Short Details More
InstitutionsShort Details Short Details Short Details Short Details All yearsLast 10 More
RegionsShort Details Short Details More

Same ranking by authors, institutions, countries and regions, and more rankings for , including the individual criteria used here.

The rankings

Top 10% institutions in the field of Econometrics

For Econometrics, these are 1518 authors affiliated with 2189 institutions.
All authors classified in this field.

RankInstitutionScoreAuthorsAuthor shares
1Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

1.46615.48
2Economics Department, Michigan State University

East Lansing, Michigan (USA)

5.52614.34
3Department of Economics, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

6.72755.48
4Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

6.8542.49
5Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

7.0817810.99
6Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

7.84171.93
7Monash Business School, Monash University

Melbourne, Australia

8.416218.19
8Department of Economics, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

9.24634.65
9Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

Aarhus, Denmark

9.6411916.14
10Graduate School of Business, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

10.75411.56
11Department of Economics, Duke University

Durham, North Carolina (USA)

10.84494.73
12Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge

Cambridge, United Kingdom

11.71656.73
13Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

11.86542.32
14Economics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison

Madison, Wisconsin (USA)

13.1383.03
---Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics, Monash Business School, Monash University

Melbourne, Australia

13.443616.08
15Department of Economics, Harvard University

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

13.48742.62
16Economics Department, Yale University

New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

14.72585.44
17Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York

York, United Kingdom

15.27889.54
---Center for Research in Econometric Analysis of Time Series (CREATES), Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet

Aarhus, Denmark

18.284813.3
18Department of Economics, Boston University

Boston, Massachusetts (USA)

19.09653.35
19Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

19.44542.81
20Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI)

Madrid, Spain

23.03243.09
21Department of Economics, Boston College

Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

23.26573.55
22Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST)

Palaiseau, France

23.569510.41
23Singapore Management University

Singapore, Singapore

24408.27
---School of Economics, Singapore Management University

Singapore, Singapore

25.41368.26
24National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

26.064562.52
25Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA)

Los Angeles, California (USA)

28.37553.97
26Department of Economics, University College London (UCL)

London, United Kingdom

28.49664.17
27Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD)

La Jolla, California (USA)

29.11553.46
28Economics Department, Queen's University

Kingston, Canada

31.35492.7
29Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley

Berkeley, California (USA)

31.42572.49
30Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

31.47463.8
31Department of Economics, McGill University

Montréal, Canada

37.72343.53
32Økonomisk Institut, Københavns Universitet

København, Denmark

38.69775.45
33Economics Department, University of California-Davis

Davis, California (USA)

38.77492.33
34European Central Bank

Frankfurt am Main, Germany

39.9524210.1
35Louvain Institute of Data Analysis and Modelling in Economics and Statistics (LIDAM), Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

41.951356.59
36School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

42.331117.85
37Department of Economics, Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

42.35403.39
38Department of Economics, Cornell University

Ithaca, New York (USA)

43.87432.72
39Department of Economics, University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland (USA)

44.49464.34
40Departamento de Economía, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

45.18624.78
41London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

46.433145.91
42Department of Economics, University of Washington

Seattle, Washington (USA)

46.59201.98
43Barcelona School of Economics (BSE)

Barcelona, Spain

46.81667.75
44School of Economics, University of Nottingham

Nottingham, United Kingdom

49.91325.32
45Business School, University of Technology Sydney

Sydney, Australia

51.7924.85
46Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

52.39928.24
47Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Toulouse, France

52.4615713.48
48Economics Division, University of Southampton

Southampton, United Kingdom

53.13303.03
49Department of Economics, University of Toronto

Toronto, Canada

55.32695.9
50Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Rotterdam, Netherlands

55.481145.53
51Economics Department, Brown University

Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

56.22624.26
52School of Economics, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Sydney

Sydney, Australia

56.49686.7
53Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University

State College, Pennsylvania (USA)

59.08333.93
54Business School, University of Exeter

Exeter, United Kingdom

63.26492.31
---Finance Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

64.79160.52
---Economics Discipline Group, Business School, University of Technology Sydney

Sydney, Australia

67.12424.02
55Booth School of Business, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

69.64603.14
---Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), Louvain Institute of Data Analysis and Modelling in Economics and Statistics (LIDAM), Université Catholique de Louvain

Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

70.36512.84
---Econometrisch Instituut, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam

Rotterdam, Netherlands

70.87194.38
56Federal Reserve Board (Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

70.922016.38
---Amsterdam School of Economics, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

71.74284.47
57Department of Economics, University of North Carolina-Chapel-Hill

Chapel Hill, North Carolina (USA)

72.8212.43
---Economics Department, London School of Economics (LSE)

London, United Kingdom

74.02522.62
58Tinbergen Instituut

Amsterdam, Netherlands

74.351265.4
---Afdeling Econometrie and Operations Research, School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam

Amsterdam, Netherlands

75.56154.13
59Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

76.141565.45
60Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

76.941672.96
61Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Dallas, Texas (USA)

77.2623.23
---Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich

Zürich, Switzerland

77.32885.44
62Department of Economics, Maxwell School, Syracuse University

Syracuse, New York (USA)

79.31233.3
---Department of Economics, Business School, University of Auckland

Auckland, New Zealand

80.84200.27
63Business School, University of Auckland

Auckland, New Zealand

80.84260.27
---Bendheim Center for Finance, Department of Economics, Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

81.5561.04
64Department of Economics, University of California-Riverside

Riverside, California (USA)

82.5274.2
65École d'Économie d'Aix-Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université

Aix-en-Provence/Marseille, France

85.831114.8
66Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

86.82623.95
67Department of Economics, Ohio State University

Columbus, Ohio (USA)

87.33413.14
68Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University

Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

90.4413.92
---Departament d'Economia i Empresa, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona School of Economics (BSE)

Barcelona, Spain

90.91965.06
69Economics Department, Georgetown University

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

91.01472.43
70Institute of Labor Economics (IZA)

Bonn, Germany

92.229492.47
71School of Economics, University of Surrey

Guildford, United Kingdom

92.44424.03
72Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

94.361656.37
---Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland

Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

96.21433.34
73Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Melbourne

Melbourne, Australia

99.531027.54
74Department of Economics, University of Texas-Austin

Austin, Texas (USA)

100.14503.19
---Economics Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

100.73220.68
75Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick

New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

101.45393.89
76Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

101.88292.9
77Essex Business School, University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

102.48302.2
78UNSW Business School, UNSW Sydney

Sydney, Australia

103.08794.5
79Vancouver School of Economics, University of British Columbia

Vancouver, Canada

105.18542.06
80Facoltà di Economia, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Roma, Italy

106.611066.14
---European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Bruxelles, Belgium

106.75655.08
81Department of Economics, McMaster University

Hamilton, Canada

107.86513.4
---School of Economics, UNSW Business School, UNSW Sydney

Sydney, Australia

109.73493.72
---Department of Economics, Business School, University of Exeter

Exeter, United Kingdom

110.02361.31
82Business School, King's College London

London, United Kingdom

112.16241.75
83Department of Economics, Mathematics and Statistics, Birkbeck College

London, United Kingdom

112.39272.38
---Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, Facoltà di Economia, Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Roma, Italy

112.57615.9
84Department of Economics, Johns Hopkins University

Baltimore, Maryland (USA)

112.88282.57
85Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo

Tokyo, Japan

114.54412.14
86School of Economics, University of Queensland

Brisbane, Australia

116.28924.72
87Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

116.94581.29
88Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna

Bologna, Italy

117.331124.36
89Department of Economics, Emory University

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

117.97302.88
90Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität zu Köln

Köln, Germany

118.29494.17
---Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

118.94521.26
91Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Wien

Wien, Austria

118.97583.91
---Nationalekonomiska Institutionen, Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

120.82672.87
92Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet

Lund, Sweden

120.821122.87
---Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, University of Melbourne

Melbourne, Australia

123.94475.85
93Department of Economics, Stanford University

Stanford, California (USA)

124.5621.58
94School of Economics and Management, Universiteit van Tilburg

Tilburg, Netherlands

124.711405.56
95BI Handelshøyskolen

Oslo, Norway

124.78562.3
96Department of Economics, Indiana University

Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

125.04291.45
97Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

128.8530.86
---Economics Group, Nuffield College, Department of Economics, Oxford University

Oxford, United Kingdom

130.59250.92
98Banca d'Italia

Roma, Italy

131.542677.11
---Department of Finance, Kellogg Graduate School of Management, Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

132.91200.85
---Volatility Institute, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

133.3220.12
99Department of Economics, University of Connecticut

Storrs, Connecticut (USA)

133.67503.62
100Centre Interuniversitaire de Recherche en Économie Quantitative (CIREQ)

Montréal, Canada

134.59572.26
101Banco de España

Madrid, Spain

134.831204.39
102Department of Economics, Washington University in St. Louis

St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

134.95291.36
103Deutsche Bundesbank

Frankfurt, Germany

136.091687.44
---Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, BI Handelshøyskolen

Oslo, Norway

137.46251.77
104Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

138.13411.79
105Department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering (ORFE), Princeton University

Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

138.8230.89
---CentER Graduate School for Economics and Business, School of Economics and Management, Universiteit van Tilburg

Tilburg, Netherlands

139.32994.06
106College of Economics, Sogang University

Seoul, South Korea

139.49211.55
107Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, University of Maryland

College Park, Maryland (USA)

141.9291.88
108Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

142.68310.56
109Economics Department, University of Strathclyde

Glasgow, United Kingdom

143.29301.27
110Business School, Deakin University

Melbourne, Australia

145.29712.3
111School of Economics and Finance, Queen Mary University of London

London, United Kingdom

147.26613.51
112Center for Applied Statistics and Econometrics (CASE), Humboldt-Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

147.47244.03
113Krannert School of Management, Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana (USA)

149.61303.02
---Department of Economics, Krannert School of Management, Purdue University

West Lafayette, Indiana (USA)

149.61263.02
114International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

149.664685.7
115Department of Economics, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

152.36892.95
---Department of Statistics and Operations Research, Fakultät für Wirtschaftswissenschaften, Universität Wien

Wien, Austria

153.3773.19
116School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University

Maastricht, Netherlands

154.17956.6
---Department of Economics, Business School, Deakin University

Melbourne, Australia

155.79381.5
117Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Chicago, Illinois (USA)

155.84571.74
---Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta

Atlanta, Georgia (USA)

155.87232.08
---Groupement de Recherche en Économie Quantitative d'Aix-Marseille (GREQAM), École d'Économie d'Aix-Marseille, Aix-Marseille Université

Marseille, France

156.39721.9
118Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS)

London, United Kingdom

156.9701.47
119Department of Statistics, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

157.4751.83
120DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung)

Berlin, Germany

157.881502.34
121Department of Economics, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Urbana-Champaign, Illinois (USA)

158.7381.99
122Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London, United Kingdom

159.773410.61
123Division of Economics, Seoul National University

Seoul, South Korea

160.11232.14
124Department of Economics, Korea University

Seoul, South Korea

160.92272.85
125Guanghua School of Management, Peking University

Beijing, China

161.7353.01
126Dipartimento di Economia, Università Ca' Foscari Venezia

Venezia, Italy

162.27803.17
127Department of Economics, Texas A&M University

College Station, Texas (USA)

162.95333.29
---Granger Centre for Time Series Econometrics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham

Nottingham, United Kingdom

164.1981.96
128School of Economics, University of Manchester

Manchester, United Kingdom

165.51491.7
129Departamento de Estadistica, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid

Madrid, Spain

165.55105.94
130Department of Economics, Rice University

Houston, Texas (USA)

175.01192.18
131Rady School of Management, University of California-San Diego (UCSD)

La Jolla, California (USA)

175.05120.65
132Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfswetenschappen, KU Leuven

Leuven, Belgium

175.061362.03
133Department of Economics, Brigham Young University

Provo, Utah (USA)

175.41221.84
134Cardiff Business School, Cardiff University

Cardiff, United Kingdom

176.24563.98
135Bank of England

London, United Kingdom

178.72054.37
136School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University

Beijing, China

179.35231.34
137Tepper School of Business Administration, Carnegie Mellon University

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

179.36251.44
---Groupe de Recherche en Économie Mathématique et Quantitative (GREMAQ), Toulouse School of Economics (TSE)

Toulouse, France

179.78307.64
138Division of Social Sciences, California Institute of Technology

Pasadena, California (USA)

179.97190.92
139Athens University of Economics and Business (AUEB)

Athens, Greece

180.69904.79
---Department of Economics, Tepper School of Business Administration, Carnegie Mellon University

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

182.85191.19
140Department of Economics, University of Notre Dame

South Bend, Indiana (USA)

187.08471.61
141Department of Economics, University of California-Santa Barbara (UCSB)

Santa Barbara, California (USA)

187.26291.12
142School of Economics and Political Science, Universität St. Gallen

Sankt Gallen, Switzerland

191.31645.02
143Institute for Policy Research (IPR), Northwestern University

Evanston, Illinois (USA)

191.3940.14
144Istituto Einaudi per l'Economia e la Finanza (EIEF)

Roma, Italy

191.4260.74
145Gordon Lang School of Business and Economics, University of Guelph

Guelph, Canada

191.61443.95
146School of Business and Economics, Universidade Nova de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

193.93531.53
---Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität zu Köln

Köln, Germany

194.920.87
---Vakgroep Kwantitatieve Economie, School of Business and Economics, Maastricht University

Maastricht, Netherlands

195.2114.84
147School of Business, University of Miami

Coral Gables, Florida (USA)

198.24181.45
148EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Fundação Getúlio Vargas (FGV)

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

199.66481.47
---Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

199.76500.6
149Department of Economics, University of Texas-Dallas

Dallas, Texas (USA)

200.36111.59
150Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University

Canberra, Australia

201.541721.68
151Sveriges Riksbank

Stockholm, Sweden

201.55393.79
152W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

205.82521.7
153Joint Research Centre, European Commission

Ispra, Italy

207.49805.84
---Department of Economics, School of Business, University of Miami

Coral Gables, Florida (USA)

208.25131.38
154Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

208.82862.58
155Scuola di Economia e Management, Università degli Studi di Firenze

Firenze, Italy

208.83843.73
---Department of Economics, W.P. Carey School of Business, Arizona State University

Tempe, Arizona (USA)

209.53441.66
156Department of Economics, New York University (NYU)

New York City, New York (USA)

209.64591.02
157New Economic School (NES)

Moscow, Russia

211.47440.56
158Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

211.84882.17
159Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica

Taipei, Taiwan

214.2193.55
160Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

214.321081.54
---School of Economics, College of Business and Economics, Yonsei University

Seoul, South Korea

216.72212.6
161College of Business and Economics, Yonsei University

Seoul, South Korea

216.72222.6
162Business School, University of Sydney

Sydney, Australia

216.74303.38
---Dipartimento di Economia "Ettore Bocconi", Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi

Milano, Italy

219.44310.5
163Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen

Groningen, Netherlands

220.65821.55
164Poole College of Management, North Carolina State University

Raleigh, North Carolina (USA)

221.76171.91
---Department of Economics, Poole College of Management, North Carolina State University

Raleigh, North Carolina (USA)

221.76161.91
165Economics Department, University of Missouri

Columbia, Missouri (USA)

223.62262.97
166Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University

Burnaby, Canada

225.52393.35
167Abteilung für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Universität Mannheim

Mannheim, Germany

225.96673.31
168Management School, Lancaster University

Lancaster, United Kingdom

225.99684.82
169Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi", Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia

Modena, Italy

227.32490.96
170Department of Economics, University of Colorado

Boulder, Colorado (USA)

230.15363.02
---Department of Economics, Sciences économiques, Sciences Po

Paris, France

231.13430.83
171Department of Economics, University of Virginia

Charlottesville, Virginia (USA)

232.32392.51
---ICMA Centre for Financial Markets, Henley Business School, University of Reading

Reading, United Kingdom

232.7141.46
172Henley Business School, University of Reading

Reading, United Kingdom

232.7321.46
---Dipartimento di Statistica, Informatica, Applicazioni "G. Parenti", Scuola di Economia e Management, Università degli Studi di Firenze

Firenze, Italy

233.7172.7
173Department of Management, Technology and Economics (D-MTEC), Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETHZ)

Zürich, Switzerland

233.89851.96
174Department of Economics, State University of New York-Binghamton (SUNY)

Binghamton, New York (USA)

234.03244.22
175Département d'Économique, Université Laval

Québec, Canada

235.82313.52
176Politiikan ja Talouden Tutkimuksen Laitos, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta, Helsingin Yliopisto

Helsinki, Finland

243.98312.81
---Department of Economics and Finance, Gordon Lang School of Business and Economics, University of Guelph

Guelph, Canada

244.4382.95
---Economic Research Department, Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas

Dallas, Texas (USA)

245.09401.2
177Department of Economics, University of Western Ontario

London, Canada

246.25491.71
---Center for Analytic Economics, Department of Economics, Cornell University

Ithaca, New York (USA)

249.1940.45
178Warwick Business School, University of Warwick

Coventry, United Kingdom

250.1262.36
179Banco de Portugal

Lisboa, Portugal

251.68472.17
180Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin

Berlin, Germany

255.6110110.06
181Department of Economics, University of Victoria

Victoria, Canada

256.99342.19
---Research in Economics and Mathematics (REM), Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestão (ISEG), Universidade de Lisboa

Lisboa, Portugal

257.1683.97
---Research and Statistics Group, Federal Reserve Bank of New York

New York City, New York (USA)

257.76651.05
182Paris School of Economics

Paris, France

258.692122.01
---Finance Department, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

258.77301.34
183Leonard D. Schaeffer Center for Health Policy and Economics, University of Southern California

Los Angeles, California (USA)

259.63200.14
184School of Economics, University of Bristol

Bristol, United Kingdom

260.5582.71
185London Business School (LBS)

London, United Kingdom

264.88330.35
186Department of Economics, University of Birmingham

Birmingham, United Kingdom

265.35471.5
187School of Economics, University of Kent

Canterbury, United Kingdom

266.48522.87
188Centro Ricerche Nord Sud (CRENoS)

Cagliari, Italy

266.76461.6
189Faculté des sciences économiques et sociales - Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Université de Fribourg - Universität Freiburg

Fribourg/Freiburg, Switzerland

269.03261.51
190Department of Policy Analysis and Management, College of Human Ecology, Cornell University

Ithaca, New York (USA)

269.2220.7
191Economics Department, University of Essex

Colchester, United Kingdom

272.51461.79
192Department of Economics, Carleton University

Ottawa, Canada

274.16521.78
193Centre for Microdata Methods and Practice (CEMMAP)

London, United Kingdom

275.41100.61
---Department of Economics, London Business School (LBS)

London, United Kingdom

276.88150.31
---Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis (CAMA), Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University

Canberra, Australia

277.21751.14
194Sloan School of Management, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)

Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

279.54480.74
195Department of Economics, Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Jerusalem, Israel

280.12360.59
196Department of Economics, University of California-Irvine

Irvine, California (USA)

280.19473.42
197Faculté des Hautes Études Commerciales (HEC), Université de Lausanne

Lausanne, Switzerland

281.33521.16
198World Bank Group

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

283.085652.65
199Bank of Canada

Ottawa, Canada

283.631735.94
200Swiss Finance Institute

Genève/Zürich, Switzerland

284.4250.67
---Département Comptabilité, Droit, Finance et Économie, Groupe EDHEC (École de Hautes Études Commerciales du Nord)

Lille/Paris, France

284.55140.57
201EconomiX, Université Paris-Nanterre (Paris X)

Nanterre, France

285.241222.47
202Graduate School of Economics/Faculty of Economics, Hitotsubashi University

Tokyo, Japan

286.07313.32
---John E. Walker Department of Economics, College of Business and Behavioral Science, Clemson University

Clemson, South Carolina (USA)

286.62330.43
203College of Business and Behavioral Science, Clemson University

Clemson, South Carolina (USA)

286.62350.43
---Economics Department, Eller College of Management, University of Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (USA)

287.34110.23
204Eller College of Management, University of Arizona

Tucson, Arizona (USA)

287.34120.23
205Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

288.06490.14
206Geneva School of Economics and Management, Université de Genève

Genève, Switzerland

289.5361.7
207Department Volkswirtschaftlehre, Universität Bern

Bern, Switzerland

290.91381.46
---Finance and Economics Department, Graduate School of Business, Columbia University

New York City, New York (USA)

291.18270.13
208Management School, University of Liverpool

Liverpool, United Kingdom

291.77353.67
209Faculté de droit, d'économie et de gestion, Université d'Orléans

Orléans, France

292.56492.46
---Laboratoire d'Économie d'Orléans (LEO), Faculté de droit, d'économie et de gestion, Université d'Orléans

Orléans, France

292.56452.46
210Faculté de droit, d'économie et de finance, Université du Luxembourg

Luxembourg, Luxembourg

293.35623
211Business School, Durham University

Durham, United Kingdom

293.36442.06
212Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit Gent

Gent, Belgium

294.691021.51
213ESSEC Business School

Cergy-Pontoise, France

296.25342.51
214Carol Martin Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky (USA)

296.37331.21
215Economics Department, University of Toledo

Toledo, Ohio (USA)

296.8640.52
216Department of Economics, York University

Toronto, Canada

297.25401.73
---Department of Economics, Carol Martin Gatton College of Business and Economics, University of Kentucky

Lexington, Kentucky (USA)

298.67221.04
---Department of Economics, Finance and Legal Studies, Culverhouse College of Business, University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa

Tuscaloosa, Alabama (USA)

299.69231.22
217Culverhouse College of Business, University of Alabama-Tuscaloosa

Tuscaloosa, Alabama (USA)

299.69271.22
218Department of Commerce, Government of the United States

Washington, District of Columbia (USA)

299.99823.43

The rankings

Top 10% authors in the field of Econometrics

For Econometrics, these are 1518 authors affiliated with 2189 institutions.
All authors classified in this field.

RankAuthorScore
1Peter C. B. Phillips

Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)
School of Economics, Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore

2.86
2Whitney Newey

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

4.49
3Donald W. K. Andrews

Economics Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)
Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

5.34
4Guido Imbens

Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

5.88
5Clive W. J. Granger †

6.04
6Jerry A. Hausman

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

8.03
7Jeffrey Marc Wooldridge

Economics Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (USA)

8.29
8Halbert White †

8.7
9M Hashem Pesaran

Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

9.42
10Robert F. Engle III

Finance Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)
Volatility Institute, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)

9.96
11Jushan Bai

Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University, New York City, New York (USA)

11.64
12Pierre Perron

Department of Economics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts (USA)

14.29
13David F. Hendry

Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

14.53
14James MacKinnon

Economics Department, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada

15.59
15James J. Heckman

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

16.05
16Manuel Arellano

Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI), Madrid, Spain

16.44
17Yongcheol Shin

Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, United Kingdom

23.02
18Victor Chernozhukov

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

23.73
19Arthur Lewbel

Department of Economics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

24.34
20Mark W. Watson

Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

24.55
21Oliver Bruce Linton

Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

24.9
22Tim Bollerslev

Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (USA)

26.36
23Bruce E. Hansen

Economics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin (USA)

29.11
24Russell Davidson

Department of Economics, McGill University, Montréal, Canada

29.73
25Serena Ng

Department of Economics, School of Arts and Sciences, Columbia University, New York City, New York (USA)

30.17
26Kenneth D. West

Economics Department, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin (USA)

30.82
27James H. Stock

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

32.15
28Jinyong Hahn

Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

32.17
29Soren Johansen

Økonomisk Institut, Københavns Universitet, København, Denmark

32.25
30Adrian Rodney Pagan

School of Economics, Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia

32.92
31Xiaohong Chen

Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

35.14
32Neil Shephard

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

37.74
33Alberto Abadie

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

38.79
34John Geweke

Economics Discipline Group, Business School, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, Australia

39.67
35George Kapetanios

Business School, King's College London, London, United Kingdom

41.03
36Jean-Marie Dufour

Department of Economics, McGill University, Montréal, Canada

41.84
37Badi H. Baltagi

Department of Economics, Maxwell School, Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York (USA)

42.64
38Andrew C. Harvey

Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

43.12
39Richard J. Smith

Faculty of Economics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom

44.79
40Jianqing Fan

Bendheim Center for Finance, Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)
Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

48.05
41Francis X. Diebold

Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

49.01
42William H Greene

Economics Department, Stern School of Business, New York University (NYU), New York City, New York (USA)

51.34
43Sebastian Kripfganz

Department of Economics, Business School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

51.82
44Charles F. Manski

Department of Economics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (USA)
Institute for Policy Research (IPR), Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (USA)

52.41
45James Hamilton

Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California (USA)

53.45
46Aman Ullah

Department of Economics, University of California-Riverside, Riverside, California (USA)

53.59
47Andrew Chesher

Department of Economics, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom

55.77
48Andrew Patton

Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (USA)

56.03
49Robert Taylor

Essex Business School, University of Essex, Colchester, United Kingdom

56.16
50Timo Terasvirta

Center for Research in Econometric Analysis of Time Series (CREATES), Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark
Center for Applied Statistics and Econometrics (CASE), Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

57.18
51Joon Y. Park

Department of Economics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana (USA)

58.29
52Stephen Leybourne

School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

59.31
53Susanne M. Schennach

Economics Department, Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island (USA)

59.45
54Christian Hansen

Booth School of Business, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

60.28
55Joakim Westerlund

Nationalekonomiska Institutionen, Ekonomihögskolan, Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden

60.36
56Helmut Luetkepohl

DIW Berlin (Deutsches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung), Berlin, Germany

61.39
57Joshua D Angrist

Economics Department, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

61.73
58Graham Elliott

Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California (USA)

62.94
59Frank Windmeijer

Economics Group, Nuffield College, Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

63.67
60Christian S. Gourieroux

Department of Economics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

64.31
61Allan Timmermann

Department of Economics, University of California-San Diego (UCSD), La Jolla, California (USA)

64.36
62Cheng Hsiao

Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

66.16
63Charles R. Nelson

Department of Economics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA)

66.42
64Massimiliano Marcellino

Dipartimento di Economia "Ettore Bocconi", Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy
Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research (IGIER), Università Commerciale Luigi Bocconi, Milano, Italy

67.33
65Peter Reinhard Hansen

Department of Economics, University of North Carolina-Chapel-Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (USA)

67.66
66Leopold Simar

Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), Louvain Institute of Data Analysis and Modelling in Economics and Statistics (LIDAM), Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

69.16
67Siem Jan Koopman

Afdeling Econometrie and Operations Research, School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

69.87
68Mark Steel

Department of Statistics, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom

70.11
69Torben G. Andersen

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

70.53
70Todd Clark

Economic Research, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, Cleveland, Ohio (USA)

71.72
71Joao M.C. Santos Silva

School of Economics, University of Surrey, Guildford, United Kingdom

71.9
72George Tauchen

Department of Economics, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina (USA)

72.23
73Kenneth Train

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

72.59
74Lars Peter Hansen

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

73.95
75Matias D. Cattaneo

Department of Operations Research and Financial Engineering (ORFE), Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

74.97
76Susan Carleton Athey

Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

75.27
77Yacine Ait-Sahalia

Bendheim Center for Finance, Department of Economics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey (USA)

76.37
78Marc Hallin

European Centre for Advanced Research in Economics and Statistics (ECARES), Solvay Brussels School of Economics and Management, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Bruxelles, Belgium

76.52
79Jeffrey Scott Racine

Department of Economics, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

77.35
80Rosa Liliana Matzkin

Department of Economics, University of California-Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, California (USA)

77.88
81Richard Blundell

Department of Economics, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom

78.79
82Michael Wolf

Institut für Volkswirtschaftslehre, Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakutät, Universität Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland

79.5
83Pentti Saikkonen

80.39
84Eric Michel Renault

82.68
85In Choi

College of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea

83.63
86Frank Kleibergen

Amsterdam School of Economics, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

84.4
87Ole E. Barndorff-Nielsen

Center for Research in Econometric Analysis of Time Series (CREATES), Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark

85.65
88Gary Koop

Economics Department, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, United Kingdom

86.02
89Liangjun Su

School of Economics and Management, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

86.77
90Norman Rasmus Swanson

Department of Economics, Rutgers University-New Brunswick, New Brunswick, New Jersey (USA)

92.89
91Joerg Breitung

Seminar für Wirtschafts- und Sozialgeschichte, Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität zu Köln, Köln, Germany

93.85
92Frank Schorfheide

Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

93.95
93Timothy Vogelsang

Economics Department, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (USA)

94.45
94Steven Berry

Economics Department, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

96.1
95Chihwa Kao

Department of Economics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut (USA)

96.54
96Lucrezia Reichlin

Department of Economics, London Business School (LBS), London, United Kingdom
Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), London, United Kingdom

97.74
97Morten Nielsen

Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark

98.03
98Nicholas M. Kiefer

Center for Analytic Economics, Department of Economics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York (USA)

100.11
99Ariel Pakes

Department of Economics, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts (USA)

100.37
100Jiti Gao

Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics, Monash Business School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

100.87
101Jun Yu

School of Economics, Singapore Management University, Singapore, Singapore

101.12
102David I. Harvey

Granger Centre for Time Series Econometrics, School of Economics, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom

101.38
103Wolfgang Karl Haerdle

Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany
Center for Applied Statistics and Econometrics (CASE), Humboldt-Universität Berlin, Berlin, Germany

105.19
104Jean-Michel Zakoian

Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST), Palaiseau, France

109.9
105Michael McCracken

Research Division, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri (USA)

111.27
106Lutz Kilian

Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Dallas, Texas (USA)

112.46
107Steven N. Durlauf

Harris School of Public Policy, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

112.99
108Hyungsik Roger Moon

Department of Economics, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California (USA)

116.19
109Michael Jansson

Department of Economics, University of California-Berkeley, Berkeley, California (USA)

116.92
110Philip Hans Franses

Econometrisch Instituut, Faculteit der Economische Wetenschappen, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Rotterdam, Netherlands

117.87
111Eric Zivot

Department of Economics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA)

118.89
112Luc Bauwens

Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE), Louvain Institute of Data Analysis and Modelling in Economics and Statistics (LIDAM), Université Catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium

119.21
113Edward Vytlacil

Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut (USA)

119.49
114Ivan Fernandez-Val

Department of Economics, Boston University, Boston, Massachusetts (USA)

121.72
115Martin James Browning

Department of Economics, Oxford University, Oxford, United Kingdom

122.11
116Fabio Canova

Institutt for samfunnsøkonomi, BI Handelshøyskolen, Oslo, Norway

122.35
117Ronald Patrick Smith

Department of Economics, Mathematics and Statistics, Birkbeck College, London, United Kingdom

123.33
118Jean-Francois Richard

Department of Economics, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA)

124.16
119Eric Ghysels

Department of Economics, University of North Carolina-Chapel-Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina (USA)

126.89
120Lawrence J. Christiano

Department of Economics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (USA)

128.05
121Rob J Hyndman

Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics, Monash Business School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

128.21
122Asger Lunde

Center for Research in Econometric Analysis of Time Series (CREATES), Institut for Økonomi, Aarhus Universitet, Aarhus, Denmark

128.37
123Jan F. Kiviet

Amsterdam School of Economics, Faculteit Economie en Bedrijfskunde, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

128.45
124Azeem M. Shaikh

Department of Economics, University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois (USA)

128.84
125Atsushi Inoue

Department of Economics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee (USA)

130.05
126Robert F. Stambaugh

Finance Department, Wharton School of Business, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA)

133.79
127Keisuke Hirano

Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania (USA)

136.06
128Patrik Guggenberger

Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania (USA)

139.29
129Maxwell Leslie King

Department of Econometrics and Business Statistics, Monash Business School, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia

140.49
130Hidehiko Ichimura

Faculty of Economics, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

140.84
131James Bott McDonald

Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah (USA)

141.45
132Andre Lucas

School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam, Netherlands

143.04
133Elie Tamer

Department of Economics, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois (USA)

143.2
134Han Hong

Department of Economics, Stanford University, Stanford, California (USA)

144.7
135Jesus Gonzalo

Departamento de Economía, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

145.16
136Enrique Sentana

Centro de Estudios Monetarios y Financieros (CEMFI), Madrid, Spain

147.35
137Christian Francq

Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST), Palaiseau, France

147.79
138Alastair Hall

School of Economics, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

147.94
139Robert J. Kohn

School of Economics, UNSW Business School, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, Australia

148.7
140Giuseppe Cavaliere

Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
Department of Economics, Business School, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom

149.04
141Xavier D'Haultfoeuille

Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique (CREST), Palaiseau, France

151.23
142Michael Peter Clements

ICMA Centre for Financial Markets, Henley Business School, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom

151.95
143Mehmet Caner

152.96
144Zhijie Xiao

Department of Economics, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (USA)

153.62
145Dennis Kristensen

Department of Economics, University College London (UCL), London, United Kingdom

154.48
146Marco Lippi

Istituto Einaudi per l'Economia e la Finanza (EIEF), Roma, Italy

155.62
147Jan R. Magnus

Afdeling Econometrie and Operations Research, School of Business and Economics, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands

156.06
148Herman K. van Dijk

Tinbergen Instituut, Amsterdam, Netherlands

156.7
149Domenico Giannone

Department of Economics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington (USA)

158.03
150A. Ronald Gallant

Department of Economics, Pennsylvania State University, State College, Pennsylvania (USA)

158.57
151Qi Li

Department of Economics, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas (USA)

161.53

The data presented here is experimental. It is based on a limited sample of the research output in Economics and Finance. Only material catalogued in RePEc is considered. For any citation based criterion, only works that could be parsed by the CitEc project are considered. For any ranking of people, only those registered with the RePEc Author Service can be taken into account. And for rankings of institutions, only those listed in EDIRC and claimed as affiliation by the respective, registered authors can be measured. Thus, this list is by no means based on a complete sample. You can help making this more comprehensive by encouraging more publications to be listed (instructions) and more authors to register (form). For more details on the various rankings that are available as well for documentation, follow this link.

Credits:

We do our best, but we cannot exclude errors.
IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.