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Why Do Women Favor In-group Competition? Evidence From an Incentive Compatible Choice Experiment

Author

Listed:
  • Schmitt, Norma
  • Beblo, Miriam
  • Beninger, Denis
  • Schröder, Melanie

Abstract

This paper identifies a woman's self-confidence to boost her competition willingness independently from the gender-mix of the competitor's group. We conduct an incentive compatible online choice experiment with 883 non-standard subjects, 442 of them female, with competition-free and competition-involving choice sets that ruled inter alia the gender-related composition of the competitors group. Our framed field experimental setting demonstrates that indeed the participating women are more eager to engage in same-gender than in mixed-gender competition. However, if a woman is revealed to be self-confident, she is more engaged in competition even against a mixed-gender group with gender-differences in competition disappearing. Our interpretation is twofold: On the one hand, we confirm a woman's competition ability, whereas on the other, we must admit that this is driven by the strength of her self-concept.

Suggested Citation

  • Schmitt, Norma & Beblo, Miriam & Beninger, Denis & Schröder, Melanie, 2015. "Why Do Women Favor In-group Competition? Evidence From an Incentive Compatible Choice Experiment," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113145, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc15:113145
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • D83 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Search; Learning; Information and Knowledge; Communication; Belief; Unawareness
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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