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Renewable energy and its impact on agricultural and rural development: Findings of a comparative study in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe
[Die Auswirkungen von erneuerbaren Energien auf die landwirtschaftliche und ländliche Entwicklung – Ergebnis einer vergleichenden Studie in Mittel-, Ost- und Südeuropa]

Author

Listed:
  • Wolz, Axel
  • Buchenrieder, Gertrud
  • Markus, Richard

Abstract

Rising energy prices for fossil fuels, the unreliable supply of energy imports during the last winters and - concerning the 12 new members states (NMS) - the demand by the European Union (EU) for developing National Renewable Energy Action Plans have stimulated the national discussion and political action on renewable energy (RE) among all European countries. Particularly among the 12 NMS the share of RE has increased during the last years. Among the candidate and potential candidate countries (CC and PCC) the discussion on RE has just started. When looking at the impact of RE on agricultural and rural development the effects are relatively small. An expansion of rape seed cultivation and, to a smaller extent, of the production of wood pellets could be observed. But overall the impact of RE on agricultural and rural income and employment seems to be marginal up to now. Whether it will be so in the future, depends on national policies and support programme as none of the various types of RE is competitive to fossil fuels for the time being.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolz, Axel & Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Markus, Richard, 2010. "Renewable energy and its impact on agricultural and rural development: Findings of a comparative study in Central, Eastern and Southern Europe
    [Die Auswirkungen von erneuerbaren Energien auf die la
    ," IAMO Discussion Papers 130, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:130
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    Keywords

    Renewable energy; comparative survey; agricultural and rural development; New members states of the EU; candidate and potential candidate countries; Erneuerbare Energien; vergleichende Analyse; landwirtschaftliche und ländliche Entwicklung; Neue Mitgliedsstaaten sowie (potenzielle) Beitrittsländer der EU.;

    JEL classification:

    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy
    • Q42 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Alternative Energy Sources
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes

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