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La evaluación de la producción científica: hacia un factor de impacto neutral


  • José María Gómez Sancho

    () (Departamento de Estrucura e Historia Económica y Económía Pública. Universidad de Zaragoza)

  • María Jesús Mancebón Torrubia

    () (Departamento de Estrucura e Historia Económica y Económía Pública. Universidad de ZaragozaUniversidad de Zaragoza)


En este trabajo se propone la construcción de un indicador que permita llevar a cabo evaluaciones de la producción científica de manera neutra entre áreas, instituciones y/o autores. Para ello, y en consonancia con lo que se propone en la literatura, se emplearan los factores de impacto. Como punto de partida emplearemos las bases de datos multidisciplinares proporcionadas por el Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) en sus Journal Citation Report (JRC), pero como se comprobará la fórmula de cálculo que emplea ISI para construir sus factores de impacto sesga los resultados a favor de las áreas que citan más en promedio y que concentran las citas en los primeros años de vida de los artículos. Para corregir estos sesgos y aumentar así la homogeneidad en las evaluaciones de la actividad investigadora se propone utilizar un nuevo factor de impacto construido mediante la realización de ciertas correcciones que serán aplicadas directamente sobre el factor de impacto que calcula el ISI.

Suggested Citation

  • José María Gómez Sancho & María Jesús Mancebón Torrubia, 2008. "La evaluación de la producción científica: hacia un factor de impacto neutral," Documentos de Trabajo dt2008-04, Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Empresariales, Universidad de Zaragoza.
  • Handle: RePEc:zar:wpaper:dt2008-04

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    More about this item


    Factor de impacto; evaluación producción científica;

    JEL classification:

    • I20 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - General
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • Z00 - Other Special Topics - - General - - - General


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