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Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations

Author

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  • Sandra Spataro

    () (School of Management)

  • Cameron Anderson

    () (Northwestern University, Kellogg School of Management)

Abstract

Many status theories propose a link between a group's values and its status hierarchy, whereby individuals who possess characteristics that embody group values are accorded higher status. We tested this idea in three organizations with different task- and social-orientations, relating Big Five personality traits to peer-rated informal status. As hypothesized, Conscientiousness better predicted status than Extraversion in a more task oriented organization, but Extraversion better predicted status in a more socially oriented organization; both traits predicted status in an organization equally task and socially oriented. Further, Neuroticism predicted lower status in a socially oriented group, where presumably, negative emotion was particularly disruptive to social relationships. Taken together, these findings provide the most direct evidence of a link between groups' values and their hierarchies.

Suggested Citation

  • Sandra Spataro & Cameron Anderson, 2002. "Values that Shape Hierarchies: Group Culture and Individuals' Status in Organizations," Yale School of Management Working Papers ysm298, Yale School of Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:ysm:somwrk:ysm298
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    Keywords

    Status; Power; Personality; Group Values; Big Five; Hierarchy; Groups; Organizations; Organizational Culture;

    JEL classification:

    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management
    • M5 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics

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