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How to Sample Behavior and Emotions of Traders: A Psychological Approach and an Empirical Example


  • Andersson, Patric

    () (Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim & Center for Economic Psychology, Stockholm School of Economics)

  • Tour, Richard

    (Center for Economic Psychology; Stockholm School of Economics)


This paper describes an empirical approach based on psychological methodology, which assumes that individual behaviour must be studied within its natural environment. This approach is called experience sampling (ESM). To illustrate the potentials of employing ESM in the stock-trading domain, we report on observations from an explorative pilot study designed to shed light on the following issues: how outcomes of trades are perceived by traders; the reasons traders associate with good and bad trades; and how traders’ moods fluctuate over a trading day.

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  • Andersson, Patric & Tour, Richard, 2005. "How to Sample Behavior and Emotions of Traders: A Psychological Approach and an Empirical Example," Sonderforschungsbereich 504 Publications 05-30, Sonderforschungsbereich 504, Universität Mannheim;Sonderforschungsbereich 504, University of Mannheim.
  • Handle: RePEc:xrs:sfbmaa:05-30
    Note: We thank the participating day-traders for their cooperation and people at the company Teknik i Media AB for their help with software. Helpful comments by Robin Hogarth, Håkan Källmén, Brian Lucey, Philipp Schmitz and participants at the conference are gratefully acknowledged. The first author is indebted to the research foundation of Svenska Handelsbanken and to SFB 504 for financial support. The workload was as follows: the second author collected the data and the first author analysed the data and wrote the paper.

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    Cited by:

    1. Pixley, Jocelyn, 2010. "The use of risk in understanding financial decisions and institutional uncertainty," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 209-222, April.

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