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Spesialisasi Dan Konsentrasi Spasial Pada Sektor Industri Manufaktur Di Jawa Timur

Listed author(s):
  • Erlangga Agustino Agustino

    (Faculty of Economics, Airlangga University)

Konsentrasi dari aktivitas ekonomi secara spasial, terutama pada industri manufaktur, telah menjadi fenomena menarik untuk dianalisis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dimana dan pada subsektor apa industri manufaktur di Jawa Timur Terkonsentrasi serta bagaimana keterkaitan dengan spesialisasi industri pada masing-masing wilayah di Jawa Timur. sehingga dapat dianalisis mengenai kebijakan dalam mengembangkan industri manufaktur kota Surabaya. Dangan menggunakan menggunakan Location Quotient, Herfindahl Indeks, Elison-Glaeser Indeks, indeks spesialisasi regional and indeks spasialisasi bilateral, diketahui Berdasarkan SWP Industri Manufaktur di Provinsi Jawa Timur terkonsentrasi pada tiga SWP yaitu SWP 1 Gerbang Kertasusila, SWP 6 Malang – Pasuruan dan SWP 7 Kediri dan sekitarnya. Sedangkan apabila berdasarkan kabupaten kota, industri manufaktur kota Surabaya terkonsentrasi di kota Surabaya, kabupaten Gresik, kabupaten Sidoarjo, kota Kediri kabupaten Pasuruan dan kota Malang. Subsektor andalan provinsi Jawa Timur berdasarkan spesialisasi tingkat propinsi adalah subsektor makanan, minuman dan tembakau (ISIC 3.1), subsektor industri tekstil, pakaian jadi dan kulit (ISIC 3.2) dan subsektor industri barang galian non logam, kecuali minyak bumi dan batu bara (ISIC 3.6). Perkembangan subsektor tersebut didorong oleh terjadinya agglomerasi yang disebabkan oleh natural advantages maupun eksternalitas berupa knowledge spillover dan tenaga kerja yang terspesialisasi. Selain itu perkembangan subsektor tersebut juga didorong oleh akses pasar, baik berupa jumlah penduduk maupun sarana transportasi.

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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Urban/Regional with number 0511009.

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Date of creation: 20 Nov 2005
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0511009
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