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Competitiveness and regional growth in the European Union: Disparities in unit labour costs

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  • OSCAR RODIL-MARZABAL

    (UNIVERSITY OF SANTIAGO DE COMPOSTELA)

Abstract

This paper aims at analysing the relation between competitiveness and economic growth for the period 1995-2000 (2002 for some variables). To this aim we analyse the evolution of the unit labour cost by sector (‘traded’ and ‘non-traded’ sector) and decomposition between the unit labour requirement and the unit price of labour. Results show the existence of high regional disparities, varying with the sector. We also find diverse combinations in productivity and unit price of labour terms, leading to the existence of different competitive strategies. Finally, we can find some evidence of a particular relation between the different patterns of competitiveness and regional economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Oscar Rodil-Marzabal, 2005. "Competitiveness and regional growth in the European Union: Disparities in unit labour costs," Urban/Regional 0509001, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0509001 Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 22
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Paul Krugman & Anthony J. Venables, 1995. "Globalization and the Inequality of Nations," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 110(4), pages 857-880.
    2. Ellison, Glenn & Glaeser, Edward L, 1997. "Geographic Concentration in U.S. Manufacturing Industries: A Dartboard Approach," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(5), pages 889-927, October.
    3. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
    4. Edward L. Glaeser & Glenn Ellison, 1999. "The Geographic Concentration of Industry: Does Natural Advantage Explain Agglomeration?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 311-316, May.
    5. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    6. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1977. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 67(3), pages 297-308, June.
    8. Peter Kennedy, 2003. "A Guide to Econometrics, 5th Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 5, volume 1, number 026261183x, January.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    unit labour cost; productivity; wages; competitiveness; economic growth; European regions;

    JEL classification:

    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics

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