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konsentrasi spasial industri manufaktur: tinjauan empiris di kota surabaya

Author

Listed:
  • erlangga agustino landiyanto

    (faculty of economics, airlangga university indonesia)

Abstract

Konsentrasi dari aktivitas ekonomi secara spasial, terutama pada industri manufaktur, telah menjadi fenomena menarik untuk dianalisis. Pada industri manufaktur, konsentrasi spasial ditentukan oleh biaya upah, biaya transportasi dan akses pasar serta ekstenalitas dari konsentrasi spasial yang berkaitan dengan penghematan lokalisasi dan penghematan urbanisasi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dimana dan pada subsektor apa industri manufaktur kota Surabaya Terkonsentrasi serta untuk mengetahui mengapa dan bagaimana industri manufaktur kota Surabaya terkonsentrasi sehingga dapat dianalisis mengenai kebijakan dalam mengembangkan industri manufaktur kota Surabaya. Data yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah data tenaga kerja industri manufaktur dua digit per kecamatan di Surabaya tahun 1994 dan 2002. Data tersebut dianalisis dengan menggunakan LQ, Ellison Glaeser indeks dan Maurel Sedillot indeks. Berdasarkan analisis, diketahui bahwa Industri manufaktur di kota Surabaya terkonsentrasi di kecamatan Rungkut, Tandes dan Sawahan sedangkan subsektor unggulan Kota Surabaya adalah industri makanan, minuman dan tembakau serta industri logam, mesin dan peralatan.

Suggested Citation

  • erlangga agustino landiyanto, 2005. "konsentrasi spasial industri manufaktur: tinjauan empiris di kota surabaya," Urban/Regional 0501006, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpur:0501006
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 39
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    Keywords

    Konsentrasi spasial; eksternalitas; kluster; agglomerasi; Surabaya;

    JEL classification:

    • R - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics

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