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Economic Causes Of Tropical Deforestation – A Global Empirical Application


  • Silviu S. Scrieciu

    (Institute for Development Policy & Management, School of Environment & Development, University of Manchester)


The paper investigates the complex system of causes affecting tropical deforestation at a worldwide level. There is no generally accepted theory in the deforestation literature to indicate which variables should be included in a model of deforestation at an aggregate global level. The paper begins, therefore, by presenting an analytical structure based on formal farm household economic modelling literature. The empirical findings derived from a global regression model tend to confirm the profit maximising market approach to deforestation, i.e. policy and structural variables at the macro-level that stimulate agricultural production provide farmers with incentives to deforest and expand their arable land areas. However, subsequent statistical tests suggest that the causes of tropical deforestation are difficult to identify and quantify at a global level, and that these should be analysed at a more disaggregated level.

Suggested Citation

  • Silviu S. Scrieciu, 2004. "Economic Causes Of Tropical Deforestation – A Global Empirical Application," Others 0410008, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0410008
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 28. First published in 2003 as IDPM Development Economics and Public Policy Working Paper No.4, Insitute of Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester

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    More about this item


    global tropical deforestation; farm household models;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry


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