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Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS


  • Richard Perkins

    (University of Plymouth, School of Geography)

  • Eric Neumayer

    (London School of Economics)


This paper seeks to advance current understanding of uneven convergence in the context of EU environmental policy, and specifically, the Eco- Managemen t and Audit Scheme (EMAS). Using a large sample, quantitative methodology, we examine three broad sets of determinants hypothesised to influence geogr aphic patterns of policy convergence: (1) cross-national market integration; (2) compatibility between the domestic regulatory context and European po licy requirements; and (3) bottom-up pressure from market and societal actors. Our analysis provides empirical support for all three hypothesised dete rminants. We find that measures of import-export ties, regulatory burden, past policy adoptions, environmental demand from civil society and levels of economic productivity, are all statistically significant predictors of national EMAS counts. Against a backdrop of geographically diverse regulatory institutions, societal conditions and trading relationships, we conclude that unevenness ! is an inevitable feature of Europeanisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Richard Perkins & Eric Neumayer, 2004. "Europeanisation and the uneven convergence of environmental policy: explaining the geography of EMAS," Others 0403002, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Aug 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpot:0403002
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    Cited by:

    1. Flannery, Wesley & O’Hagan, Anne Marie & O’Mahony, Cathal & Ritchie, Heather & Twomey, Sarah, 2015. "Evaluating conditions for transboundary Marine Spatial Planning: Challenges and opportunities on the island of Ireland," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 86-95.
    2. Patrícia Tourais & Nuno Videira, 2016. "Why, How and What do Organizations Achieve with the Implementation of Environmental Management Systems?—Lessons from a Comprehensive Review on the Eco-Management and Audit Scheme," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(3), pages 1-25, March.
    3. R. Bracke & T. Verbeke & V. Dejonckheere, 2007. "What distinguishes EMAS participants? An exploration of company characteristics," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 07/459, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    4. R. Bracke & J. Albrecht, 2005. "Explaining the international diffusion of environmental management systems," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 05/342, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    5. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:3:p:283:d:66076 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • P - Economic Systems
    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Z - Other Special Topics

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