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Mâori Incomes:Investigating Differences Between Iwi


  • Isabelle Sin

    (Motu Economic & Public Policy Research)

  • David C Maré

    (Motu Economic & Public Policy Research)


This paper investigates several factors that may be important for improving Mâori outcomes, and the extent to which their importance varies by iwi. Specifically, it examines the extent to which controlling for differences in characteristics of the European population and the populations of various iwi can account for the differences in income distribution between the groups. It finds that qualification levels are important—they account for an average of approximately 29% of the difference between iwi and European incomes. The differing age distributions and the proportions of the population with different work and labour force statuses also account for much of the difference. Residence in different types of urban or rural area appears less relevant, as does residence in different regional council areas. The sizes of the influences of the different factors vary considerably by iwi and sometimes by gender. This suggests that policies aimed at improving Mâori incomes may be more cost-effective if they target specific iwi.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle Sin & David C Maré, 2005. "Mâori Incomes:Investigating Differences Between Iwi," Labor and Demography 0509003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0509003
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 78

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sholeh A Maani, 2000. "Secondary and Tertiary Education Attainment and Income Levels for Maori and Non-Maori Over Time," Treasury Working Paper Series 00/18, New Zealand Treasury.
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    Cited by:

    1. Michelle Poland & David C Maré, 2005. "Defining Geographic Communities," Urban/Regional 0509016, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Income distribution; Mâori income; iwi; decomposition;

    JEL classification:

    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution


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