IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Secondary and Tertiary Education Attainment and Income Levels for Maori and Non-Maori Over Time

  • Sholeh A Maani
Registered author(s):

    This study examines how relative income levels, and in particular the income returns to post-compulsory and higher education (education beyond age 16) for Maori compare to Non- Maori, and how they have changed over the 1986-1996 decade. The analysis focussing on the Maori population extends earlier research for the overall New Zealand population (Maani, 1994, 1996a, 1996b, 1997, 1999). The study utilises individual level data and 20% samples of the 1986 and 1996 Censuses of the Population. Statistical sample characteristics, restricted and unrestricted 'earnings function' estimates across ethnicity, and stability tests over time indicate that the Maori population was at a disadvantage in both 1986 and 1996 in terms of educational attainment, employment and income levels. While the returns to post-compulsory education were significant compared to no qualifications, the participation of Maori in post-compulsory education after a decade is still significantly less than the Non-Maori group, as more than 60% of Maori males and females in 1996 still had no school qualifications. The returns to education are greater for Maori compared to Non-Maori, despite lower attainment levels. This is primarily since Maori with no qualifications are relatively more disadvantaged with respect to Non-Maori than are Maori with qualifications. Given the link between educational attainment and income levels, the study shows that in 1996 Maori with 'no school qualification' were at a greater relative disadvantage than they were in 1986, with the income gap having narrowed at the tertiary education level, in particular for women.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL: http://www.treasury.govt.nz/publications/research-policy/wp/2000/00-18/twp00-18.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by New Zealand Treasury in its series Treasury Working Paper Series with number 00/18.

    as
    in new window

    Length: 101 pages
    Date of creation: 2000
    Date of revision:
    Handle: RePEc:nzt:nztwps:00/18
    Contact details of provider: Postal: New Zealand Treasury, PO Box 3724, Wellington, New Zealand
    Phone: +64-4-472 2733
    Fax: +64-4-473 0982
    Web page: http://www.treasury.govt.nz

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nzt:nztwps:00/18. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Web and Publishing Team, The Treasury)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.