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Scaling in a Multispecies Network Model Ecosystem

Author

Listed:
  • Ricard V. Solé
  • David Alonso
  • Alan McKane

Abstract

A new model ecosystem consisting of many interacting species is introduced. The species are connected through a random matrix with a given connectivity . It is shown that the system is organized close to a boundary of marginal stability in such a way that fluctuations follow power law distributions both in species abundance and their lifetimes for some slow-driving (immigration) regime. The connectivity and the number of species are linked through a scaling relation which is the one observed in real ecosystems. These results suggest that the basic macroscopic features of real, species-rich ecologies might be linked with a critical state. A natural link between lognormal and power law distributions of species abundances is suggested.

Suggested Citation

  • Ricard V. Solé & David Alonso & Alan McKane, 1999. "Scaling in a Multispecies Network Model Ecosystem," Working Papers 99-08-060, Santa Fe Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:safiwp:99-08-060
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    Keywords

    Ecosystems; scaling; power laws;

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