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Alternative Specifications of Intertemporal Fiscal Policy in a Small Theoretical Model

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  • Ralph C. Bryant
  • Long Zhang

Abstract

In this second of a series of three working papers, we use a simple neoclassical growth model to illustrate how consumption, investment, and output -- more broadly, the entire dynamic equation system of a model -- can be strongly influenced by alternative specifications of a reaction function describing the intertemporal behavior of a government's fiscal authority. The classes of fiscal rule studied -- debt-stock targeting, incremental interest payments (IIP), and the analytical benchmark of a balanced budget -- are described and discussed in the first paper in the series. The analysis demonstrates that the consequences of shocks or policy actions can be strongly conditioned by the intertemporal fiscal reaction function imposed on a macroeconomic model. Significant variation can occur for different types of rule, for alternative assumptions about the timing of the rule's activation, and for alternative values of the rule's feedback coefficients.

Suggested Citation

  • Ralph C. Bryant & Long Zhang, 1996. "Alternative Specifications of Intertemporal Fiscal Policy in a Small Theoretical Model," Discussion Papers 124, Brookings Institution International Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wop:briedp:124
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    Cited by:

    1. Teresa Leal & Javier J. Pérez & Mika Tujula & Jean-Pierre Vidal, 2008. "Fiscal Forecasting: Lessons from the Literature and Challenges," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 29(3), pages 347-386, September.
    2. Eric M. Leeper, 2010. "Monetary science, fiscal alchemy," Proceedings - Economic Policy Symposium - Jackson Hole, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, pages 361-434.
    3. Moldovan, Ioana R., 2010. "Countercyclical taxes in a monopolistically competitive environment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 54(5), pages 692-717, July.
    4. Perez, Javier J. & Hiebert, Paul, 2004. "Identifying endogenous fiscal policy rules for macroeconomic models," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 26(8-9), pages 1073-1089, December.
    5. Tracy Foertsch, 2004. "Macroeconomic Impacts of Stylized Tax Cuts in an Intertemporal Computable General Equilibrium Model: Technical Paper 2004-11," Working Papers 15914, Congressional Budget Office.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General
    • E61 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Policy Objectives; Policy Designs and Consistency; Policy Coordination

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