IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this paper

New Approaches To Energy Security In The Baltic Sea Region: Russian Viewpoint

Listed author(s):
  • Irina Zeleneva


Registered author(s):

    NEW APPROACHES TO ENERGY SECURITY IN THE BALTIC SEA REGION: RUSSIAN VIEWPOINT By 2050, we can expect dramatic changes in the global energy balance. At the beginning of 21st century, the configuration of the global energy market has begun to change due to a wide variety of both political and economic reasons. The formation of a European common gas market in the world of fierce competition among world exporters for short-term and long-term contracts, the growth of energy consumption in China, Japan, India, the growth of trade in liquefied natural gas 'shale revolution' are the most important. Russian energy policy nowadays is based on the fact that Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and partly Poland are mostly focused on importing energy resources. For a long time during the Soviet period, Russia had a monopoly on the supply of natural gas to the Baltic states, but at that time the RSFSR was a friendly republic. Now Russia is politically perceived as an external threat to the energy security of these countries. Global political risks and the changes in the international security sphere forced the region to look for ways to stabilize energy supplies. A so-called 'third energy package', adopted in 2009, became a challenge and a threat to Russia's energy policy towards the countries of the European Union. Russian 'Gazprom' and other energy companies with state participation seek to maintain a stable relationship with the traditional consumers of Russian energy. But at this point and in this region they realize what is known as 'geopolitical' approach, defending national interests, for economic prosperity largely depends on exports. Is it possible to change their ways and to go from a geopolitical approach to geostrategic (integrative) one for the region - that is the question. This will depend on whether the Baltic countries are willing to transform from 'the last bastion of the West' to 'the bridge between East and West.' Signs of geostrategic (integrative) approach can be found in the energy policy of Russia in regards to Poland. In our opinion and according to the geostrategical approach, for a successful energy policy in the region Russia has to balance its own interests with those of the Western European countries, consumers of Russian resources. Perhaps, it would be a wise long term strategy to accept the 'third energy package' in the future. Energy Policy of Russia in the Baltic Sea should be determined by the following three ?i? notions: involvement, integration and innovation. We consider them to be not three different approaches, but three components of Russian geostrategy at present, including the energy dialogue between Russia and the EU.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by European Regional Science Association in its series ERSA conference papers with number ersa13p338.

    in new window

    Date of creation: Nov 2013
    Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p338
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Welthandelsplatz 1, 1020 Vienna, Austria

    Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa13p338. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Gunther Maier)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.