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Bank Regulation and Supervision Ten Years after the Global Financial Crisis


  • Anginer,Deniz
  • Bertay,Ata Can
  • Cull,Robert J.
  • Demirguc-Kunt,Asli
  • Mare,Davide Salvatore


This paper summarizes the latest update of the World Bank Bank Regulation and Supervision Survey. The paper explores and summarizes the evolution in bank capital regulations, capitalization of banks, market discipline, and supervisory power since the global financial crisis. It shows that regulatory capital increased, but some elements of capital regulations became laxer. Market discipline may have deteriorated as the financial safety nets became more generous after the crisis. Bank supervision became stricter and more complex compared with the pre?global financial crisis period. However, supervisory capacity did not increase in proportion to the extent and complexity of new bank regulations. The paper documents the importance of defining bank regulatory capital narrowly, as the quality of capital matters in reducing bank risk. This is particularly true for large banks, because they have more discretion in the computation of risk weights and are better able to issue a variety of capital instruments.

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  • Anginer,Deniz & Bertay,Ata Can & Cull,Robert J. & Demirguc-Kunt,Asli & Mare,Davide Salvatore, 2019. "Bank Regulation and Supervision Ten Years after the Global Financial Crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9044, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:9044

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    Cited by:

    1. Feyen, Erik & Alonso Gispert, Tatiana & Kliatskova, Tatsiana & Mare, Davide S., 2021. "Financial Sector Policy Response to COVID-19 in Emerging Markets and Developing Economies," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    2. Chronopoulos, Dimitris K. & Wilson, John O.S. & Yilmaz, Muhammed H., 2023. "Regulatory oversight and bank risk," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    3. Ivica Klinac & Roberto Ercegovac & Mario Pecaric, 2021. "Post Crisis Banking Sector Regulation And European Union Economic Growth Nexus," Economic Review: Journal of Economics and Business, University of Tuzla, Faculty of Economics, vol. 19(2), pages 15-26, November.
    4. Retselisitsoe I. Thamae & Nicholas M. Odhiambo & John M. Khumalo, 2023. "Bank Regulation in the Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries: Dynamics and Trends," Journal of Central Banking Theory and Practice, Central bank of Montenegro, vol. 12(1), pages 175-198.
    5. Mushtaq Hussain Khan & Mohammad Bitar & Amine Tarazi & Arshad Hassan & Ahmad Fraz, 2021. "Corruption and bank risk-taking: The deterring role of Shari'ah supervision," Working Papers hal-03366460, HAL.
    6. Thamae, Retselisitsoe I & Odhiambo, Nicholas M, 2022. "Nonlinear effects of bank regulation stringency on bank lending in selected sub-Saharan African countries," Working Papers 29840, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    7. Retselisitsoe I. Thamae & Nicholas M. Odhiambo, 2022. "The impact of bank regulation on bank lending: a review of international literature," Journal of Banking Regulation, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 23(4), pages 405-418, December.
    8. Asteriou, Dimitrios & Pilbeam, Keith & Tomuleasa, Iuliana, 2021. "The impact of corruption, economic freedom, regulation and transparency on bank profitability and bank stability: Evidence from the Eurozone area," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 184(C), pages 150-177.
    9. Meier, Samira & Rodriguez Gonzalez, Miguel & Kunze, Frederik, 2021. "The global financial crisis, the EMU sovereign debt crisis and international financial regulation: lessons from a systematic literature review," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(C).
    10. Calice,Pietro & Diaz Kalan,Federico Alfonso & Masetti,Oliver, 2020. "Interest Rate Repression : A New Database," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9457, The World Bank.
    11. Ghosh, Saibal, 2022. "Elections and provisioning behavior: Assessing the Indian evidence," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 46(1).
    12. Karel Janda & Oleg Kravtsov, 2020. "Banking Supervision and Risk-Adjusted Performance inthe Host Country Environment," FFA Working Papers 3.001, Prague University of Economics and Business, revised 19 Nov 2020.

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