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When the money runs out : do cash transfers have sustained effects on human capital accumulation ?

Author

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  • Baird,Sarah Jane
  • Mcintosh,Craig
  • Ozler,Berk

Abstract

This study examines the medium-term effects of a two-year cash transfer program targeted to adolescent girls and young women. Significant declines in HIV prevalence, teen pregnancy, and early marriage among recipients of unconditional cash transfers (UCTs) during the program evaporated quickly two years after the cessation of transfers. However, children born to UCT beneficiaries during the program had significantly higher height-for-age z-scores at follow-up. On the other hand, conditional cash transfers (CCTs) offered to out-of-school females at baseline produced a large increase in educational attainment and a sustained reduction in the total number of births, but caused no gains in health, labor market outcomes, or empowerment. The findings point to both the promise and the limitations of cash transfer programs for sustained gains in welfare among young women.

Suggested Citation

  • Baird,Sarah Jane & Mcintosh,Craig & Ozler,Berk, 2016. "When the money runs out : do cash transfers have sustained effects on human capital accumulation ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7901, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:7901
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    5. Molina Millán, Teresa & Macours, Karen & Maluccio, John A. & Tejerina, Luis, 2020. "Experimental long-term effects of early-childhood and school-age exposure to a conditional cash transfer program," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 143(C).
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    8. Garman, E.C. & Eyal, K. & Avendano, M. & Evans-Lacko, S. & Lund, C., 2022. "Cash transfers and the mental health of young people: Evidence from South Africa's child support grant," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 292(C).
    9. Kristiano Raccanello, 2022. "Quality of Life for Beneficiaries of an Unconditional Transfer Education Program in Mexico City," Economía: teoría y práctica, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, México, vol. 56(1), pages 201-226, Enero-Jun.
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    12. Maria Caridad Araujo & Karen Macours, 2021. "Education, Income and Mobility: Experimental Impacts of Childhood Exposure to Progresa after 20 Years," Working Papers halshs-03364972, HAL.
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    14. Baird, Sarah & McIntosh, Craig & Özler, Berk, 2019. "When the money runs out: Do cash transfers have sustained effects on human capital accumulation?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 140(C), pages 169-185.
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    20. Ambler, Kate & Jones, Kelly M. & O’Sullivan, Michael, 2021. "Increasing Women's Empowerment: Implications for Family Welfare," IZA Discussion Papers 14861, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
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    Keywords

    Social Protections&Assistance; Educational Sciences;

    JEL classification:

    • C93 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Field Experiments
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth

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