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Obstacles to growth for small and medium enterprises in Turkey


  • Seker, Murat
  • Correa, Paulo Guilherme


Many studies have shown that firm growth decreases monotonically with size and age. In this study, the authors investigate employment growth of firms in Turkey with an emphasis on small and medium size enterprises. In Turkey, small and medium size enterprises account for almost 77 percent of employment and play a crucial role in the economy. However, the analysis of firm dynamics in Turkey shows that medium-size firms (51-250 workers) are theslowest growing group in the economy. Moreover, small and medium size enterprises grow at a slower rate in Turkey than in several comparator countries in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region. After determining this irregularity, the paper analyzes how the investment climate affects firm growth and finds that improved access to finance is the most important factor that significantly increases firm growth rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Seker, Murat & Correa, Paulo Guilherme, 2010. "Obstacles to growth for small and medium enterprises in Turkey," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5323, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:5323

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    Cited by:

    1. Oznur Ozdamar & Eleftherios Giovanis & Sahizer Samuk, 2020. "State business relations and the dynamics of job flows in Egypt and Turkey," Eurasian Business Review, Springer;Eurasia Business and Economics Society, vol. 10(4), pages 519-558, December.
    2. Andinet Woldemichael & Margaret Joldowski, 2019. "Working Paper 328 - The Cost of Inaction: Obstacles and Lost Jobs in Africa," Working Paper Series 2454, African Development Bank.
    3. Mosharref Hossain & Yusnidah Ibrahim & Mohan Uddin, 2016. "Towards the Factors affecting Small Firm Growth: Review of Previous Studies," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 6(5), pages 217-235, May.
    4. Nelson Nanteleza Ndala, 2021. "Assessing the Access to Finance by Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises from Financial Institutions in Blantyre City-Malawi," International Journal of Business and Management, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 14(5), pages 1-84, July.
    5. Rethabile Masenyetse & Malefu Manamathela, 2023. "Firm growth, exporting and information communication technology (ICT) in Southern Africa," Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-12, December.
    6. Nurrachmi, Rininta Nurrachmi & Abd Samad, Khairunnisa & Foughali, Ibrahim, 2012. "The Development of SMEs in Turkey," MPRA Paper 46817, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Anh Tuan Bui & Thu Phuong Pham, 2021. "Financial and Labour Obstacles and Firm Employment: Evidence from Europe and Central Asia Firms," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(15), pages 1-18, August.
    8. Fuzhong Chen & Haifeng Li & Huini Wei & Wani Nelson, 2022. "The Ownership, Innovation, and Sustainable Development of Micro and Small Enterprises: Evidence of China," SAGE Open, , vol. 12(4), pages 21582440221, November.

    More about this item


    Microfinance; Achieving Shared Growth; Small Scale Enterprise; Access to Finance; Emerging Markets;
    All these keywords.

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