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Does Mother's Employment Affect Children’s Schooling? An Empirical Evidence from Indonesian Households


  • Purmini

    () (Universitas Bengkulu)

  • Sutyastie Soemitro Remi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Yayan Satyakti

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Mohamad Fahmi

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)

  • Iqbal Dawam Wibisono

    () (Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University)


In almost all society in the world, women are assigned by culture to be the primary caregiver for the children in the households (UNDP, 1995 in Glick, 2002). Despite their primary role in the household, mothers can also contribute to their family by involving themselves in employment activity. This can potentially improve the wellbeing of their family, including their children's education. Using multilevel mixedeffects probit, this study examines the effect of mother’s employment on children’s schooling with panel data from Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 2000 and 2007. Result shows that mother’s employment have a positive impact on children’s schooling decision.The results also demonstrate the effect of variables such as mother and father education, mother and father income, numbers of siblings, and family wealth. In addition, this study also compares the effect in urban and rural area, different regions, and different religions. However, this study confirms that mother's employment have an important role on children's schooling decision.

Suggested Citation

  • Purmini & Sutyastie Soemitro Remi & Yayan Satyakti & Mohamad Fahmi & Iqbal Dawam Wibisono, 2016. "Does Mother's Employment Affect Children’s Schooling? An Empirical Evidence from Indonesian Households," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 201603, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Dec 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:unp:wpaper:201603

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. World Bank, 2013. "Spending More or Spending Better : Improving Education Financing in Indonesia, Extended Executive Summary," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13207, The World Bank.
    2. Prawiro, Radius, 1998. "Indonesia's Struggle for Economic Development: Pragmatism in Action," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9789835600531.
    3. Geeta Kingdon & Mohd. Muzammil, 2009. "A Political Economy of Education in India: The Case of Uttar Pradesh," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(2), pages 123-144.
    4. Andrew Rosser & Anuradha Joshi, 2013. "From User Fees to Fee Free: The Politics of Realising Universal Free Basic Education in Indonesia," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 49(2), pages 175-189, February.
    5. Mae Chu Chang & Sheldon Shaeffer & Samer Al-Samarrai & Andrew B. Ragatz & Joppe de Ree & Ritchie Stevenson, 2014. "Teacher Reform in Indonesia : The Role of Politics and Evidence in Policy Making," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 16355, June.
    6. Aidan Mulkeen, 2010. "Teachers in Anglophone Africa : Issues in Teacher Supply, Training, and Management," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 13545, June.
    7. World Bank, 2013. "Indonesia - Spending More or Spending Better : Improving Education Financing in Indonesia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13210, The World Bank.
    8. Edward Aspinall & Marcus Mietzner, 2014. "Indonesian Politics in 2014: Democracy's Close Call," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 50(3), pages 347-369, December.
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    More about this item


    mother's employment; education; Indonesia;

    JEL classification:

    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • I2 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education

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