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O Father Where Art Thou? Early maternal employment and child development when fathers and intrahousehold task division come into the picture

Author

Listed:
  • Luciana Méndez Errico

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Ivone Perazzo

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

  • Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia

    (Universidad de la República (Uruguay). Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y de Administración. Instituto de Economía)

Abstract

This article provides new evidence for a developing country regarding early maternal employment and child development by exploring alternative household care arrangements that could compensate for a loss in maternal care time. First we analyze whether the condition of maternal employment, its intensity —part-time or full-time jobs— and the timing of a mother's entrance into the labor market affects her child's development; we focus on the effects of intrahousehold distribution regarding childcare and household tasks on the decision of maternal employment and child development. We address the causality of early maternal labor and its conditions on a child's probability of being considered at risk in several development dimensions by estimating seemingly unrelated equations with instrumental variables; therefore we account for simultaneity in decisions regarding maternal employment and formal childcare. Results indicate that neither maternal employment, nor the job's intensity influences a child's development. However, fathers' involvement in childrearing and more equitable distribution of intrahousehold tasks can foster child development as much as maternal labor supply.

Suggested Citation

  • Luciana Méndez Errico & Ivone Perazzo & Guillermo Sánchez-Laguardia, 2021. "O Father Where Art Thou? Early maternal employment and child development when fathers and intrahousehold task division come into the picture," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 21-05, Instituto de Economia - IECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulr:wpaper:dt-05-21
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Child development; Parenting behavior; Maternal work conditions;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J81 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Working Conditions

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