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Europe’s missing Yollies

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  • Michele Cincera
  • Reinhilde Veugelers

Abstract

Europe’s lackluster capacity to generate growth and particularly productivity growth is for a significant part attributable to a subdued capacity to innovate. Policies aimed at boosting growth through research and development have not delivered. Private R&D intensity remains to date low (and productivity growth has declined). Looking at potential causes for this poor performance, analysis has looked at the importance of sector specialization as well as churning problems and firm demography. In this paper we go further by linking the two dimensions. We show that the EU’s business R&D deficit with the US can be almost entirely explained by the EU having fewer young leading innovators and, even more importantly, having fewer of these in new high-R&D intensive sectors. It addresses the implications of this finding for EU’s research and innovation policy design.

Suggested Citation

  • Michele Cincera & Reinhilde Veugelers, 2011. "Europe’s missing Yollies," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/106349, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:ulb:ulbeco:2013/106349
    Note: This is a translation of: Europe’s missing Yollies
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    Cited by:

    1. Michele Cincera & Reinhilde Veugelers, 2013. "Exploring Europe's R&D deficit relative to the US: Differences in the rates of return to R&D of young leading R&D firms," iCite Working Papers 2013 - 001, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
    2. Marco Vivarelli, 2016. "The middle income trap: a way out based on technological and structural change," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 49(2), pages 159-193, August.
    3. García-Quevedo, José & Pellegrino, Gabriele & Vivarelli, Marco, 2014. "R&D drivers and age: Are young firms different?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 43(9), pages 1544-1556.
    4. Marco Vivarelli, 2015. "Structural Change and Innovation in Developing Economies: A Way Out of the Middle Income Trap ?," LEM Papers Series 2015/09, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    5. Karl Aiginger, 2016. "New Dynamics for Europe: Reaping the Benefits of Socio-ecological Transition. Synthesis Report Part I," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 11, WWWforEurope.
    6. David Bailey & Lisa De Propris & Jürgen Janger, 2015. "Industrial and innovation policy as drivers of change," WWWforEurope Deliverables series 9, WWWforEurope.
    7. Vivarelli, Marco, 2014. "Structural Change and Innovation as Exit Strategies from the Middle Income Trap," IZA Discussion Papers 8148, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU-US R&D intensity gap; young leading innovators; industrial str;

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O57 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Comparative Studies of Countries

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