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Las preferencias individuales por el proteccionismo en "economías pequeñas", ¿fundamento racional?


  • Natalia Melgar

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Máximo Rossi

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Laura Rovegno

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


Even when the majority of economists agree on the benefits of free trade, everywhere we turn to, trade is restricted. In contexts where politicians offer different policy options and voters demand them based on their individual preferences, one may ask what determines personal preferences on trade policy; which economic, cultural, social elements shape them. The aim of this paper is to answer these questions in the case of economies with a small domestic market, given the relative small size of their population. In this paper we use data from the module on National Identity of the 2003 International Social Survey Program (ISSP), including in our sample countries with a population of around five million inhabitants or less. Based on an ordered probit model, we conclude that the evidence does not support the conclusions on preference formation of the modelo Hecksher-Ohlin trade model, while elements such as religion, political preferences, and nationalism, as well as demographic characteristics, have a significant impact on trade policy preferences.

Suggested Citation

  • Natalia Melgar & Máximo Rossi & Laura Rovegno, 2005. "Las preferencias individuales por el proteccionismo en "economías pequeñas", ¿fundamento racional?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0705, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0705

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    1. Eckerlund, Ingemar & Gerdtham, Ulf-G, 1996. "Variation in cesarean section rates in Sweden - Causes and economic consequences," SSE/EFI Working Paper Series in Economics and Finance 106, Stockholm School of Economics.
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    3. Phelps, Charles E., 1986. "Induced demand -- can we ever know its extent?," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 5(4), pages 355-365, December.
    4. Epstein, Andrew J. & Nicholson, Sean, 2009. "The formation and evolution of physician treatment styles: An application to cesarean sections," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 28(6), pages 1126-1140, December.
    5. D. Fabbri & C. Monfardini, 2001. "Demand Induction with a Discrete Distribution of Patients," Working Papers 414, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    6. McGuire, Thomas G. & Pauly, Mark V., 1991. "Physician response to fee changes with multiple payers," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 10(4), pages 385-410.
    7. Victor R. Fuchs, 1978. "The Supply of Surgeons and the Demand for Operations," NBER Working Papers 0236, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    More about this item


    Preferencias; proteccionismo; economías pequeñas; racionalidad; ISSP.;

    JEL classification:

    • D01 - Microeconomics - - General - - - Microeconomic Behavior: Underlying Principles
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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