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Las preferencias individuales por el proteccionismo en "economías pequeñas", ¿fundamento racional?

  • Natalia Melgar

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Máximo Rossi

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Laura Rovegno

    (Departmento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

Even when the majority of economists agree on the benefits of free trade, everywhere we turn to, trade is restricted. In contexts where politicians offer different policy options and voters demand them based on their individual preferences, one may ask what determines personal preferences on trade policy; which economic, cultural, social elements shape them. The aim of this paper is to answer these questions in the case of economies with a small domestic market, given the relative small size of their population. In this paper we use data from the module on National Identity of the 2003 International Social Survey Program (ISSP), including in our sample countries with a population of around five million inhabitants or less. Based on an ordered probit model, we conclude that the evidence does not support the conclusions on preference formation of the modelo Hecksher-Ohlin trade model, while elements such as religion, political preferences, and nationalism, as well as demographic characteristics, have a significant impact on trade policy preferences.

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File URL: http://decon.edu.uy/publica/2005/Doc0705.pdf
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Paper provided by Department of Economics - dECON in its series Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) with number 0705.

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Length: 30 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0705
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