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Feminización y diferencias salariales en Uruguay en el período 1986-1997


  • Máximo Rossi

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)

  • Cecilia González

    (Departamento de Economía, Facultad de Ciencias Sociales, Universidad de la República)


In this paper we contrast the Concentration Hypothesis developed by Bergmann (1971 and 1974) for the 1986-1997 period. This “hypothesis” maintain that women concentration in a few occupations caused by discrimination, produce a decrease in wages of all individuals in these occupations. Also, we make the Macpherson and Hirsch (1995) decomposition of wages differences to obtain the share of discrimination and no-discrimination components in the wage difference obtained. The results show that female concentration affects all individuals in one occupation, but women are the most affected since female wages decreased more than male wages in the “female” occupations. The wage differential decomposition shows that gender difference was decreased in the period. However, is the non discriminatory component which contributes to a less difference, whereas the discriminatory component increases during the period. In special, the feminization is the part of the wage differential that rises.

Suggested Citation

  • Máximo Rossi & Cecilia González, 2007. "Feminización y diferencias salariales en Uruguay en el período 1986-1997," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0407, Department of Economics - dECON.
  • Handle: RePEc:ude:wpaper:0407

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Krishna, Vijay, 2009. "Auction Theory," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 2, number 9780123745071.
    2. Eduardo Engel & Ronald Fischer & Alexander Galetovic, 1999. "The Chilean Infrastructure Concessions Program: Evaluation, Lessons and Prospects for the Future," Documentos de Trabajo 60, Centro de Economía Aplicada, Universidad de Chile.
    3. Engel, Eduardo & Fischer, Ronald & Galetovic, Alexander, 1997. "Highway Franchising: Pitfalls and Opportunities," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 87(2), pages 68-72, May.
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    wage differentials; labor discrimination;

    JEL classification:

    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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