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Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy Responses on Children in Ghana

Author

Listed:
  • Ismaël Fofana
  • John Cockburn
  • Luca Tiberti
  • Edgar A. Cooke
  • Daniel K. Twerefou
  • Theodore Antwi-Asare

Abstract

Like many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, Ghana is experiencing the impact of the global crisis and the uncertain economic outlook. Indeed, as Ghana’s economy is among the most open in Africa, it is expected that the country has been and will continue to be severely affected by the crisis, although strong export prices of its main exports (gold and cocoa) may at least partially counteract the effects associated with the crisis. The main goal of this paper is to understand the potential impacts of the 2008/9 global crisis on different dimensions of child poverty (monetary, hunger, school participation, child labour and access to health services) in Ghana and to support the policy-maker in designing the most appropriate policy response to counteract the negative effects of the crisis. As timely data are not available, a combined macro-micro economic model to predict the impact of the global crisis on children was developed. Simulations suggest that the financial crisis would increase monetary poverty and hunger across all regions of Ghana, eroding many of the gains made over the past few years. Indeed, in comparison with the year preceding the crisis, instead of a reduction of four percentage points in child monetary poverty in 2011 predicted in the absence of crisis, the simulations indicate a 6.6 percentage point increase, with a continuous increasing pattern over the period of study.

Suggested Citation

  • Ismaël Fofana & John Cockburn & Luca Tiberti & Edgar A. Cooke & Daniel K. Twerefou & Theodore Antwi-Asare, 2010. "Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy Responses on Children in Ghana," Papers inwopa601, Innocenti Working Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucf:inwopa:inwopa601
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    Cited by:

    1. Carmen Estrades & Cecilia Llambí, 2013. "Lessons from the 2008 Financial Crisis: Policy Responses to External Shocks in Uruguay," The Developing Economies, Institute of Developing Economies, vol. 51(3), pages 233-259, September.
    2. Luca Tiberti & John Cockburn & Ismaël Fofana, 2010. "Simulating the Impact of the Global Economic Crisis and Policy Responses on Children in West and Central Africa," Papers inwopa596, Innocenti Working Papers.
    3. Sami Bibi & John Cockburn & Christian Arnault Emini & Luca Tiberti & Ismaël Fofana & Paul Ningaye, 2010. "Incidences de la crise economique mondiale de 2008/09 et des options de la politique de reponse sur la pauvreté des enfants au Cameroun," Papers inwopa600, Innocenti Working Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    child education; child health; child labour; child poverty; econometric models; economic crisis; hunger; social protection;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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