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Patterns of Conflict in the Great Lakes Region


  • Lupa Ramadhani

    (Institute for British-Irish Studies, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin)

  • Jennifer Todd

    (Institute for British-Irish Studies, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin)

  • Patrick Paul Walsh

    (Geary Institute, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin)


The African Great Lakes Region (GLR) has witnessed some of the most intense violence and protracted conflict of the last half-century. There has been spiralling and sometimes over-lapping conflict in Burundi, Rwanda, Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) (hereinafter Zone 1 conflict states). Yet their neighbours—Kenya, Malawi, Tanzania and Zambia (hereinafter Zone 2 peaceful states)—have remained generally peaceful. This article asks what makes the difference in conflict outcomes between these neighbouring states? It has one goal: to identify a set of structural and historical factors (if any), that differentiate the zone 1 from the zone 2 states and which can explain the incidence of conflicts across time and countries. We set out to document and estimate the impact of a common set of structural factors that underpin the outbreak of wars in this region over the past fifty years, while controlling for time and country specific effects.

Suggested Citation

  • Lupa Ramadhani & Jennifer Todd & Patrick Paul Walsh, 2011. "Patterns of Conflict in the Great Lakes Region," Working Papers 201118, Geary Institute, University College Dublin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucd:wpaper:201118

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