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¡Que fabriquen ellos! La fabricación de locomotoras de vapor en España, ¿Una ocasión perdida para la industria?

Author

Listed:
  • Cayón, Francisco

    () (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)

  • Muñoz, Miguel

    () (Departamento de Análisis Económico (Teoría e Historia Económica). Universidad Autónoma de Madrid y Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles)

Abstract

El objetivo de este trabajo es el de analizar si existían elementos objetivos, de carácter tecnológico o infraestructural, que impidieran un temprano nacimiento de la industria de construcción de material ferroviario y, específicamente, de locomotoras de vapor. Para ello se hace un repaso a lo acontecido en otros países de la Europa occidental y Estados Unidos para conocer en que condiciones surgió esta actividad. A continuación se efectúa una reconstrucción del parque de locomotoras de las mayores compañías ferroviarias españoles, con el objeto de conocer su demanda y la procedencia de las locomotoras adquiridas. Seguidamente se reflexiona sobre las condiciones de la industria española en la segunda mitad del siglo XIX al objeto de establecer comparaciones con otros países que nos indiquen si las diferencias eran o no especialmente sustanciales. Por último se estudia, sintéticamente, la aparición del sector en España y su posterior desarrollo, lo que permite observar las similitudes y divergencias con los países de nuestro entorno .

Suggested Citation

  • Cayón, Francisco & Muñoz, Miguel, 2005. "¡Que fabriquen ellos! La fabricación de locomotoras de vapor en España, ¿Una ocasión perdida para la industria?," Working Papers in Economic History 2005/02, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid (Spain), Department of Economic Analysis (Economic Theory and Economic History).
  • Handle: RePEc:uam:wpapeh:200502
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    File URL: http://www.uam.es/departamentos/economicas/analecon/especifica/mimeo2/wp_2005_02.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Ciccarelli, Carlo & Nuvolari, Alessandro, 2015. "Technical Change, Non-Tariff Barriers, and the Development of the Italian Locomotive Industry, 1850–1913," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 75(03), pages 860-888, September.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Spanish Industry; International Manufacture Locomotive; Railway Companies; Long-Run;

    JEL classification:

    • N63 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N64 - Economic History - - Manufacturing and Construction - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N73 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N74 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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