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Incomplete geocoding and spatial sampling: the effects of locational errors on population total estimation


  • Maria Michela Dickson


  • Giuseppe Espa


  • Diego Giuliani



Due to the increasing availability of georeferenced microdata in several fields of research, surveys can benefit greatly from the use of the most recent spatial sampling methods. These methods allow to select spatially balanced samples, which lead to particularly efficient estimates, by incorporating the distances among the exact locations of statistical units into the design. Unfortunately, since locations of units are rarely exact in practice due to imperfections in the geocoding processes, the implementation of spatial sampling designs is actually often limited. This paper aims at demonstrating that spatial sampling designs can be implemented even when spatial information is not completely accurate. In particular, by means of a Montecarlo sampling simulation study about the estimation of water pollution, it is proved that the use of spatial sampling methods still lead to more spatially balanced samples, and more efficient estimates, also when the geocoding of population is not exact.

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  • Maria Michela Dickson & Giuseppe Espa & Diego Giuliani, 2016. "Incomplete geocoding and spatial sampling: the effects of locational errors on population total estimation," DEM Working Papers 2016/04, Department of Economics and Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:trn:utwprg:2016/04

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dale L. Zimmerman, 2008. "Estimating the Intensity of a Spatial Point Process from Locations Coarsened by Incomplete Geocoding," Biometrics, The International Biometric Society, vol. 64(1), pages 262-270, March.
    2. Lennart Bondesson & Daniel Thorburn, 2008. "A List Sequential Sampling Method Suitable for Real-Time Sampling," Scandinavian Journal of Statistics, Danish Society for Theoretical Statistics;Finnish Statistical Society;Norwegian Statistical Association;Swedish Statistical Association, vol. 35(3), pages 466-483.
    3. Luc Anselin, 2010. "Thirty years of spatial econometrics," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 89(1), pages 3-25, March.
    4. Jean-Claude Deville & Yves Tille, 2004. "Efficient balanced sampling: The cube method," Biometrika, Biometrika Trust, vol. 91(4), pages 893-912, December.
    5. Stevens, Don L. & Olsen, Anthony R., 2004. "Spatially Balanced Sampling of Natural Resources," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 99, pages 262-278, January.
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    GPS uncodified; Locational Accuracy; Spatial Sampling Methods; Estimation;

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