"Voice" and "Exit" in Japanese Firms during the Second World War: Sanpo Revisited
During the Second World War, the Japanese government and private sector searched for and implemented new mechanisms for coordination and new incentives. One of these was sangyo hokokukai or sanpo. Sanpo unit was essentially an organization of the employer and employees of each firm, which held employees meetings to moderate labor relations. In this paper, I examined the role of sanpo, using prefectural data and firm level data, based on a framework integrating the "voice view" of unionism and the transaction cost economics. According to the analysis of prefectural data, sanpo reduced the level of participation in labor disputes until around 1941, and enhanced labor productivity until 1942. Estimating production function by monthly firm level data from the cotton spinning industry, we found that sanpo increased TFP by 3.1%. Also, from the annual establishment level data from the coal mining industry, we can confirm that sanpo enhanced labor productivity.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2003|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Hongo 7-3-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033|
Web page: http://www.cirje.e.u-tokyo.ac.jp/index.html
More information through EDIRC
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Daniel I. Rees, 1991. "Grievance Procedure Strength and Teacher Quits," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 45(1), pages 31-43, October.
- Brown, Charles & Medoff, James, 1978. "Trade Unions in the Production Process," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(3), pages 355-78, June.
- Tracy, Joseph S, 1986. "An Investigation into the Determinants of U.S. Strike Activity," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(3), pages 423-36, June.
- Nicholas Wilson & Michael J. Peel, 1991. "The Impact on Absenteeism and Quits of Profit-Sharing and other Forms of Employee Participation," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 44(3), pages 454-468, April.
When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tky:fseres:2003cf243. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (CIRJE administrative office)
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.