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Rising Inequalities in Income and Health in China: Who is left behind?

Author

Listed:
  • Steef Baeten

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Tom Van Ourti

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam)

  • Eddy Van Doorslaer

    (Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands)

Abstract

This discussion led to a publication in the 'Journal of Health Economics' , 2013, 32, 6, 1214–1229. During the last decades, China has experienced double-digit economic growth rates and rising inequality. This paper implements a new decomposition on the China Health and Nutrition panel Survey (1991-2006) to examine the extent to which changes in level and distribution of incomes and in income mobility are related to health disparities between rich and poor. We find that health disparities in China relate to rising income inequality and in particular to the adverse health and income experience of older (wo)men, but not to the growth rate of average incomes over the last decades. These findings suggest that replacement incomes and pensions at older ages may be one of the most important policy levers in combating health disparities between rich and poor Chinese.

Suggested Citation

  • Steef Baeten & Tom Van Ourti & Eddy Van Doorslaer, 2012. "Rising Inequalities in Income and Health in China: Who is left behind?," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-091/V, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20120091
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Qin, Xuezheng & Hsieh, Chee-Ruey, 2014. "Economic growth and the geographic maldistribution of health care resources: Evidence from China, 1949-2010," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 228-246.
    2. Martyna Kobus & Marcin Jakubek, 2015. "Youth unemployment and mental health: dominance approach. Evidence from Poland," IBS Working Papers 4/2015, Instytut Badan Strukturalnych.
    3. Brekke, Kjell Arne & Kverndokk, Snorre, 2014. "Health contingent income transfers. Are they relevant?," HERO On line Working Paper Series 2014:5, Oslo University, Health Economics Research Programme.
    4. Max Coveney & Pilar Garcia Gomez & Eddy Van Doorslaer & Tom Van Ourti, 2015. "Health Disparities by Income in Spain before and after the Economic Crisis," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 15-130/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Joan Costa-i-Font & Frank Cowell & Belén Saénz de Miera Juárez, 2017. "Does Insurance Expansion Alter Health Inequality and Mobility? Evidence from the Mexican Seguro Popular," CESifo Working Paper Series 6788, CESifo Group Munich.
    6. Gustav Kjellsson & Dennis Petrie & Tom (T.G.M.) van Ourti, 2018. "Measuring income-related inequalities in risky health prospects," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 18-007/V, Tinbergen Institute.
    7. Zhang, Hao & Bago d’Uva, Teresa & van Doorslaer, Eddy, 2015. "The gender health gap in China: A decomposition analysis," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 13-26.
    8. repec:taf:mpopst:v:23:y:2016:i:4:p:239-252 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Hongliang Wang & Yiwen Yu, 2016. "Increasing health inequality in China: An empirical study with ordinal data," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 14(1), pages 41-61, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    China; income growth; income inequality; income mobility; health inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • C00 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - General
    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development

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