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National innovation systems: the emergence of a new approach


  • Jan Fagerberg

    (Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo)

  • Koson Sapprasert

    (Creative Entrepreneurship Development Institute, Bangkok University)


The term ‘national innovation systems’ surfaced for the first time in print during the late 1980s and, in the years that followed, several important contributions on this topic appeared. This paper investigates the role that this new literature plays within innovation studies and the world of science more generally and discusses the sources for its emergence. With the help of expert assessments, the three most important contributions to the ‘national innovation systems’ literature are identified. Then the citations to these works in scholarly journals in the Web of Science are presented and the characteristics of the ‘national innovation systems’ literature, as compared with other areas of research, are analyzed.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fagerberg & Koson Sapprasert, 2011. "National innovation systems: the emergence of a new approach," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20111115, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
  • Handle: RePEc:tik:inowpp:20111115

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Filippetti & Frederick Guy, 2016. "Risk-taking, skill diversity, and the quality of human capital: how insurance affects innovation," Papers in Evolutionary Economic Geography (PEEG) 1625, Utrecht University, Department of Human Geography and Spatial Planning, Group Economic Geography, revised Aug 2016.
    2. Yutao Sun & Seamus Grimes, 2016. "The emerging dynamic structure of national innovation studies: a bibliometric analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 106(1), pages 17-40, January.
    3. Yutao Sun & Cong Cao, 2020. "The dynamics of the studies of China’s science, technology and innovation (STI): a bibliometric analysis of an emerging field," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 124(2), pages 1335-1365, August.
    4. Terje Grønning & Siw Fosstenløkken, 2015. "The Learning Concept Within Innovation Systems Theorizing: A Narrative Review of Selected Publications on National and Regional Innovation Systems," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 6(2), pages 420-436, June.
    5. Herman Emilia, 2018. "Innovation and entrepreneurship for competitiveness in the EU: an empirical analysis," Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence, Sciendo, vol. 12(1), pages 425-435, May.
    6. Chung-Jen Wang, 2019. "Linking Sustainable Human Resource Management in Hospitality: An Empirical Investigation of the Integrated Mediated Moderation Model," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(4), pages 1-16, February.
    7. Chen, Ping-Chuan & Hung, Shiu-Wan, 2016. "An actor-network perspective on evaluating the R&D linking efficiency of innovation ecosystems," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 112(C), pages 303-312.
    8. Ian Thomas & Kathryn Hegarty & Stuart Whitman & Val Macgregor, 2012. "Professional Associations," Journal of Education for Sustainable Development, , vol. 6(1), pages 121-136, March.
    9. Juan Ricardo Perilla JimeÌ nez, 2021. "Sistemas de innovacioÌ n y crecimiento: ¿una alternativa al viejo enfoque de las ventajas del atraso econoÌ mico?," Documentos IEEC 019075, Universidad del Norte.
    10. Jakob Edler & Jan Fagerberg, 2017. "Innovation policy: what, why, and how," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 33(1), pages 2-23.
    11. K.J. Joseph, 2013. "Has Trade been an Engine of Inclusive Growth? India’s Experience under Globalization," Millennial Asia, , vol. 4(2), pages 135-157, October.
    12. Lejla TERZIĆ, 2019. "Innovation as imperative for increasing productivity and economic growth: The case of the selected EU member countries and non-EU member countries," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(620), A), pages 115-122, Autumn.
    13. Bajmócy, Zoltán & Gébert, Judit, 2014. "The outlines of innovation policy in the capability approach," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 93-102.
    14. Proksch, Dorian & Haberstroh, Marcus Max & Pinkwart, Andreas, 2017. "Increasing the national innovative capacity: Identifying the pathways to success using a comparative method," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 116(C), pages 256-270.
    15. Michael P. Schlaile & Sophie Urmetzer & Vincent Blok & Allan Dahl Andersen & Job Timmermans & Matthias Mueller & Jan Fagerberg & Andreas Pyka, 2017. "Innovation Systems for Transformations towards Sustainability? Taking the Normative Dimension Seriously," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 9(12), pages 1-20, December.
    16. Rakesh Basant, 2018. "Exploring Linkages between Industrial Innovation and Public Policy: Challenges and Opportunities," Vikalpa: The Journal for Decision Makers, , vol. 43(2), pages 61-76, June.
    17. Bajmócy, Zoltán & Vas, Zsófia, 2012. "Az innovációs rendszerek 25 éve. Szakirodalmi áttekintés evolúciós közgazdaságtani megközelítésben [25 years of innovation systems. A literature review from the angle of evolutionary economics]," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(11), pages 1233-1256.
    18. Khanh Hung DOAN, 2021. "The Relationship Between Entrepreneurship And National Competitiveness," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 30(2), pages 65-76, December.
    19. Antonelli, Cristiano & Fassio, Claudio, 2012. "University-industry relations and the evolution of knowledge governance. the italian evidence in the first part of the xx century," Department of Economics and Statistics Cognetti de Martiis LEI & BRICK - Laboratory of Economics of Innovation "Franco Momigliano", Bureau of Research in Innovation, Complexity and Knowledge, Collegio 201212, University of Turin.
    20. Andersen, Allan Dahl & Andersen, Per Dannemand, 2014. "Innovation system foresight," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 88(C), pages 276-286.
    21. Rakas, Marija & Hain, Daniel S., 2019. "The state of innovation system research: What happens beneath the surface?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(9), pages 1-1.
    22. Reale, Filippo, 2019. "Governing innovation systems: A Parsonian social systems perspective," Technology in Society, Elsevier, vol. 59(C).
    23. Yutao Sun & Cong Cao, 0. "The dynamics of the studies of China’s science, technology and innovation (STI): a bibliometric analysis of an emerging field," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 0, pages 1-31.
    24. Wermeille, A. & Chanet, J.P. & Berducat, M. & Didelot, D., 2015. "Stakeholders involvement on establishing public-private partnerships through innovation in agricultural mechanization: a case study," International Journal of Agricultural Management, Institute of Agricultural Management, vol. 4(2), January.
    25. Havas, Attila, 2016. "Recent economic theorising on innovation: Lessons for analysing social innovation," MPRA Paper 77385, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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