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The Effect of Foreign Competition on UK Firm Level Employment: Theory and Evidence


  • Jozef Konings
  • Patrick P. Walsh


In this paper we investigate the effect of increased foreign competition on home employment. The interaction of both product and labour market responses to foreign competition will be of key importance to understanding the impact of foreign competition on domestic employment. In a simple theoretical framework, we introduce both labour and product market assymmetries between home and foreign firms in an industry and show how these play a central role in the responses of home firms to increased foreign competition. We test the predictions of our theory using UK firm level panel data over the period 1982 to 1989 and find empirical evidence that supports our theoretical framework.

Suggested Citation

  • Jozef Konings & Patrick P. Walsh, 1995. "The Effect of Foreign Competition on UK Firm Level Employment: Theory and Evidence," Economics Technical Papers 952, Trinity College Dublin, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcd:tcduet:952

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Osborn, Denise R, et al, 1988. "Seasonality and the Order of Integration for Consumption," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 50(4), pages 361-377, November.
    2. Davidson, James E H, et al, 1978. "Econometric Modelling of the Aggregate Time-Series Relationship between Consumers' Expenditure and Income in the United Kingdom," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 88(352), pages 661-692, December.
    3. Osborn, Denise R., 1990. "A survey of seasonality in UK macroeconomic variables," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 6(3), pages 327-336, October.
    4. Johansen, Søren & Juselius, Katarina, 1992. "Testing structural hypotheses in a multivariate cointegration analysis of the PPP and the UIP for UK," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1-3), pages 211-244.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • L00 - Industrial Organization - - General - - - General
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General


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