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Les determinants des activites d'innovation dans les entreprises de fabrication canadiennes : le role des droits de propriete intellectuelle

  • Sabourin, David
  • Baldwin, John R.
  • Hanel, Peter

Les auteurs de la presente etude se sont penches sur l'impact de differents facteurs sur l'innovation dans le secteur canadien de la fabrication. Premierement, ils ont determine dans quelle mesure la protection de la propriete intellectuelle favorisait l'innovation. Deuxiemement, ils ont analyse l'apport de la R-D a l'innovation. Troisiemement, ils ont tenu compte de l'importance de diverses competences (marketing, ressources humaines, technologie et production) eu egard a l'innovation. Quatriemement, ils ont tente de voir dans quelle mesure le fait que l'entreprise soit grande et qu'il y ait moins de concurrence etait propice a l'innovation (l'hypothese de Schumpeter). Cinquiemement, l'incidence de la nationalite de l'entreprise sur l'innovation a egalement ete etudiee. Enfin, les auteurs ont analyse l'impact du contexte de l'industrie sur la capacite d'innover de l'entreprise. Plusieurs conclusions meritent d'etre soulignees. Premierement, en ce qui a trait a la relation existant entre l'innovation et l'utilisation des brevets, il appert que l'innovation influe beaucoup plus sur le brevetage que l'inverse. Les entreprises innovatrices protegent leurs decouvertes a l'aide d'un brevet, mais les entreprises et les industries qui ont davantage recours a cette forme de protection n'ont pas tendance a etre plus innovatrices. Deuxiemement, si la R-D est importante, l'acquisition de competences dans des domaines tels que la technologie et le marketing l'est egalement. Troisiemement, l'impact de la taille est significatif. Les grandes entreprises sont generalement plus innovatrices. Pour ce qui est de la concurrence, les niveaux moyens de concurrence favorisent le plus l'innovation. Quatriemement, les entreprises etrangeres ne sont pas beaucoup plus susceptibles d'innover que les entreprises nationales lorsque l'on tient compte des differences observees au chapitre des competences. Cinquiemement, l'infrastructure scientifique inherente a la recherche universitaire est un determinant significatif de l'innovation.

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Paper provided by Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques in its series Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche with number 2000122f.

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Date of creation: 07 Mar 2000
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2000122f
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  15. Paul Makdissi & Quentin Wodon, 2001. "Fuel Poverty and Access to Electricity:\\ Comparing Households When They Differ in Needs," Cahiers de recherche 01-03, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke, revised 2004.
  16. Hanel, P., 1991. "Standards in International Trade," Cahiers de recherche 91-01, Departement d'Economique de la Faculte d'administration à l'Universite de Sherbrooke.
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