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Part-time work, underemployment and gender. Worker versus job explanations

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Abstract

The article analyses part-time work, both so-called voluntary and involuntary, in a gender perspective and discusses under what conditions women and men work part-time. The discussion is based on logistic regression models, including human capital, life-course- and household characteristics and job characteristics as independent variables. We use Norwegian Labour Force Survey data. The analysis shows that part-time work is a strongly gendered phenomenon, not only because it occurs much more frequently among women than among men, but also because the causes of part-time differ between the sexes. We find, as expected, that involuntary part-time is mainly tied to job characteristics, whereas voluntary part time is equally predicted by worker characteristics and job characteristics. The effect of gender is strong and significant, however less significant when controlling for job characteristics than when controlling for worker characteristics.

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  • Randi Kjeldstad & Erik H. Nymoen, 2009. "Part-time work, underemployment and gender. Worker versus job explanations," Discussion Papers 602, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:602
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    File URL: https://www.ssb.no/a/publikasjoner/pdf/DP/dp602.pdf
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    Keywords

    Voluntary part-time; involuntary part-time; gender; job- and labour-market approach; individual- and life-course approach; time bargaining;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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