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Le nouvel élargissement de l’Union européenne

Author

Listed:
  • Jérôme Creel

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Sandrine Levasseur

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’élargissement de l’Union européenne (UE) à dix nouveaux pays en mai 2004 constitue un événement politique, économique et social sans précédent. D’une envergure jamais vue en termes de population, il concerne aussi principalement des pays d’Europe centrale et orientale (dits PECO) dont le niveau de développement est bien inférieur à celui de l’UE-15. Dès lors, ce nouvel élargissement pose un certain nombre de défis ayant trait à ses spécificités. Les questions soulevées par l’adhésion de ces nouveaux membres à l’UE sont multiples. Elles concernent aussi bien la flexibilité de leurs marchés du travail, la réforme de leurs systèmes de retraite, les politiques de change dont l’euroïsation, le financement de l’UE, les propositions de réforme du Pacte de stabilité et de croissance et celles du Système européen des banques centrales, que la géographie économique. Enfin, dans le cadre des futurs élargissements de l’UE, la Turquie mérite une attention particulière.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Creel & Sandrine Levasseur, 2004. "Le nouvel élargissement de l’Union européenne," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/3001, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/3001
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    File URL: http://spire.sciencespo.fr/hdl:/2441/3001/resources/2004-04-creel-levasseur-le-nouvel-elargissement-de-lunion-europeenne.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Jérôme Creel & Éloi Laurent & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2009. "L'Europe en crises," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 445-470.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    marchés du travail; système de retraite; politique de taux de change;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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