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Le nouvel élargissement de l'Union européenne


  • Jérôme Creel
  • Sandrine Levasseur


The enlargement of the European Union (EU) to ten new members on 1st May 2004 constitutes a major event from both a political, economic and social viewpoint. While it is the greatest in terms of population since the inception of the European construction, this enlargement also encompasses mostly central and eastern European countries (CEECs) which are substantially lagging behind EU-15 in terms of GDP per capita. The challenges at head are then numerous and related to issues like flexibility of the labour markets, the pensions reforms, the exchange rate regime including euroisation, the EU financing, the proposals of reforms for the stability and growth pact and the ones for the European system of central banks, as well as the economic geography. Moreover, in the event of future enlargements of the EU, the Turkish economy deserves a special attention. JEL Codes: F02, F15, O52, F33, H87, J21.

Suggested Citation

  • Jérôme Creel & Sandrine Levasseur, 2004. "Le nouvel élargissement de l'Union européenne," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 89(2), pages 253-269.
  • Handle: RePEc:cai:reofsp:reof_089_0253

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    Cited by:

    1. Jérôme Creel & Éloi Laurent & Jacques Le Cacheux, 2009. "L'Europe en crises," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 445-470.

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    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure


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