Le nouvel élargissement de l'Union européenne
The enlargement of the European Union (EU) to ten new members on 1st May 2004 constitutes a major event from both a political, economic and social viewpoint. While it is the greatest in terms of population since the inception of the European construction, this enlargement also encompasses mostly central and eastern European countries (CEECs) which are substantially lagging behind EU-15 in terms of GDP per capita. The challenges at head are then numerous and related to issues like flexibility of the labour markets, the pensions reforms, the exchange rate regime including euroisation, the EU financing, the proposals of reforms for the stability and growth pact and the ones for the European system of central banks, as well as the economic geography. Moreover, in the event of future enlargements of the EU, the Turkish economy deserves a special attention. JEL Codes: F02, F15, O52, F33, H87, J21.