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Défis du financement agricole et rural, rôle pour la microfinance et implications pour les politiques publiques en Afrique subsaharienne. Pistes de recherche basées sur le cas du Burundi

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  • Ephrem Niyongazabo

Abstract

En Afrique subsaharienne, les zones agricoles et rurales abritent plus de trois quarts de la population et contribuent pour la grande part à l’emploi, au PIB, aux recettes d’exportations et à l’offre alimentaire. Dès lors, le financement des activités qui se développent dans ces zones constitue un facteur déterminant dans la réduction de la pauvreté. Le recul du financement bancaire, suite à la libéralisation financière (de par la restructuration des banques agricoles et de développement), a accentué la faiblesse des services financiers dans ces zones. Cette situation a suscité un intérêt croissant pour la microfinance dans le financement et la promotion de la petite entreprise agricole et rurale présentée comme le pilier de la croissance économique. Cependant, malgré sa forte contribution, la microfinance est limitée dans ses apports. L’une des principales limites concerne l’inadéquation entre la gamme des services financiers offerts par les IMF et les besoins spécifiques du financement agricole et rural. Dans ce papier, nous abordons cette problématique en essayant d’analyser dans quelle mesure améliorer la contribution de la microfinance au financement agricole et rural au Burundi et dans quelle mesure les politiques publiques peuvent contribuer à cet objectif.

Suggested Citation

  • Ephrem Niyongazabo, 2008. "Défis du financement agricole et rural, rôle pour la microfinance et implications pour les politiques publiques en Afrique subsaharienne. Pistes de recherche basées sur le cas du Burundi," Working Papers CEB 08-024.RS, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:08-024
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    Keywords

    offre de services financiers; demande de services financiers; microfinance; financement de l’agriculture; politiques de développement; efficience.;

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q14 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Finance
    • O23 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development

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