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Des effets de la globalisation sur les inégalités régionales : quelques apports fondamentaux de l'économie géographique

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Abstract

La globalisation, terme utilisé à tort et à travers, est souvent accusée de tous les maux par la presse et les livres à grand tirage. Bien que les caractéristiques fondamentales de la globalisation ne soient plus guère contestées, les opinions divergent quant aux effets de la globalisation sur les inégalités régionales. La crise économique que traverse l'Asie du Sud-Est rend le débat encore plus aigu. L'objet de cette étude n'est pas de présenter un exposé critique de la question mais d'identifier quelques contributions essentielles de l'économie géographique dans ce domaine. L'étude comportera trois parties. Elle précisera tout d'abord la relation qui existe entre l'économie géographique, la globalisation et les coûts de transport. Elle visera ensuite à présenter, dans le contexte de la théorie orthodoxe du commerce international, les apports de Findlay (1995). Il s'agira enfin d'examiner, dans le contexte des nouvelles théories du commerce international, les conclusions auxquelles aboutissent Krugman et Venables (1995).

Suggested Citation

  • Mikael Petitjean, 1999. "Des effets de la globalisation sur les inégalités régionales : quelques apports fondamentaux de l'économie géographique," SEII Working Papers 990401, University of Liège Faculty of Econonomics, Management and Social Sciences Department of Economics Service of International and Interregional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:sei:seiiwp:990401
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Nasfi Fkili Wahiba, 2015. "Economic and Social Effects of Opening," International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, Human Resource Management Academic Research Society, International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 336-344, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Geography; Globalization; Regional disparity; Regional inequality; Inégalités régionales; Economie géographique;

    JEL classification:

    • F00 - International Economics - - General - - - General
    • O00 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - General - - - General
    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General

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