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Agricultura y desarrollo económico en España, 1870-2000


  • Ernesto Clar
  • Miguel Martín-Retortillo
  • Vicente Pinilla



The aim of this paper is to offer a general reflection on the role played by agriculture in the economic development of Spain during the period 1870-2000. It first begins placing emphasis on the unfavourable starting point suffered by the Spanish agricultural sector in the 19th century. The paper then analyses the models of agricultural development that were followed, as well as the productive and institutional conditioning factors of that development. The paper concludes that although Spanish agriculture followed a growth path that was coherent with the endowment and prices of its productive factors, and obtained reasonable results thereby, it was not, in itself, dynamic enough to give momentum to the process of industrialization, but not was it so static as to be the causal factor in the slow pace of industrial development in Spain.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto Clar & Miguel Martín-Retortillo & Vicente Pinilla, 2015. "Agricultura y desarrollo económico en España, 1870-2000," Documentos de Trabajo de la Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria 1503, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:wpaper:1503

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    Economic Development; Agricultural History; Spanish Economic History; Agriculture and Economic Development;

    JEL classification:

    • N53 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General

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