How different is the cyclical behavior of home production across countries?
Household production plays an important role in aggregate economic activity. It constitutes between 20 and 50 percent of the value of gross national product in several industrialized countries. We study cross-country differences and similarities in the dynamic behavior of production activities at home. Specifically, we examine the stylized business cycle features of household production in the G7 countries. We address the following questions. First, what are the time series properties of hours worked in the home sector, hours spent in leisure, and the consumption of home-produced goods? Second, what are the cross-country comovement properties of fluctuations in household production? Third, are existing stochastic dynamic business cycle models able to replicate the business cycle features of household production data implied by our methodology? Using a stochastic dynamic business cycle model which incorporates a household production sector, we generate quarterly data on hours worked in the home sector, hours spent in leisure, and the consumption of home-produced goods. Our methodology closely follows that of Ingram, Kocherlakota, and Savin (1997, Journal of Monetary Economics). In particular, we use the model?s Euler equations and the observable data on the model?s endogenous variables regarding the market production and hours to recover the data series on household production and leisure. We find that leisure is countercylical while nonmarket hours are acyclical in all countries. Cross-country correlations of leisure and non-market production are low, and in most cases, are much smaller than those of output. We compare the business cycle features of home production in existing closed and open economy business cycle models with those of our data. Moment implications of existing business cycle models heavily rely on the features of the productivity shocks in the non-market sector. Our results suggest that these models are able to capture some of the features of business cycles in household production.
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|Date of creation:||01 Apr 2001|
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