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Air Passengers and Tourism Flows: Evidence from Sicily and Sardinia

Listed author(s):
  • Massimiliano Castellani


    (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy and The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Rimini, Italy)

  • Maurizio Mussoni


    (University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy and The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA), Rimini, Italy)

  • Pierpaolo Pattitoni


    (Faculty of Economics, University of Bologna, Forlì and Rimini, Italy)

Tourism plays an important role in the economies of many Mediterranean countries, since it is a crucial driver of economic growth, job creation, and income. For this reason many countries set up a wide variety of programs and policies to support the development of this economic sector. It is therefore very important, for scholars and policy makers, explaining and forecasting tourism demand. Using air passengers flows as proxy variables for tourist arrivals, we set up some VAR model specifications in order to investigate the monthly time series 2003-2008 of arrivals to the most important Italian islands, Sardinia and Sicily. Our results show a significant inter-temporal relationship among tourism flows. Furthermore, our findings reveal that both meteorological variables (atmospheric temperatures and raining days) and exchange rates (Dollar-to-Euro and Yen-to-Euro) can improve the explanatory and forecasting power of VAR models.

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Paper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 37_09.

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Date of creation: Jan 2009
Date of revision: Feb 2010
Publication status: Published in Almatourism-Journal of Tourism, Culture and Territorial Development, 1(2):16-28, 2010
Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:37_09
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