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Travail et inégalites sociales en Europe essai d’analyse historique (Labour and social inequalities in europe an historical analysis)


  • Sophie Boutillier

    () (labrii, ULCO)


Le travail salarié a été le moteur de l’industrialisation européenne et vice versa. A partir des années 1950, la croissance économique s’accélère, l’Europe est à reconstruire, les entreprises ont besoin de main-d’oeuvre. Le ralentissement de la croissance économique à partir des années 1970 remet en question ce schéma. Le statut de salarié devient précaire, le droit du travail est remis en cause, tandis l’emploi indépendant se stabilise, alors que nombre d’économistes avaient prévu sa disparition. Mais, quelle sera la nouvelle voie de la croissance économique ? The salaried labour was the basis of Europe industrialisation and vice versa. During the 1950-1960’s, the rate of the economic growth was very high (reconstruction of Europe). Enterprises employed a lot of employees. During the 1970’s, the rate of economic growth went down. The social situation of employees became precarious. Social laws were questioned. Self-employed work did not disappear, even if many economists anticipated its disappearance. But, what will be the new way of the economic growth?

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier, 2004. "Travail et inégalites sociales en Europe essai d’analyse historique (Labour and social inequalities in europe an historical analysis)," Working Papers 83, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:83

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Eve Chiapello & Luc Boltanski, 1999. "Le nouvel esprit du capitalisme," Post-Print hal-00680085, HAL.
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    More about this item


    Inégalité sociale; travail; Europe; droit de travail/ social inequalities; work; Europe; social law;

    JEL classification:

    • K00 - Law and Economics - - General - - - General (including Data Sources and Description)
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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